Adjective self-descriptions of world war II and korean prisoner of war and combat veterans
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Self-descriptions were generated among 71 former prisoners of war (POWs) and 35 combat veterans of similar ages, personal backgrounds, and war duty assignments using the Adjective Check List format. Former POWs differed significantly from combat controls in selection of self-descriptive identifiers across the 37 scales, specifically on Number of Favorable Adjectives Checked, Need Scales measuring Affiliation, Exhibition, Change, Succorance, and Abasement, Ideal Self and Counseling Readiness Topical Scales, four of five Transactional Analysis Scales, and the High Origence-High Intellectence Scale. Complementing previous findings, results point to an association between catastrophic trauma of sustained duration and subjective reports of relatively unfavorable views of self, less adaptive personality structure, and greater difficulties in coping.
Key wordsformer prisoners of war (POWs) Adjective Check List (ACL) response to trauma
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