International Ophthalmology

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 225–228 | Cite as

Frequency and complications of chronic iridocyclitis in ANA-positive pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis

  • Simona Gori
  • Anna Maria Broglia
  • Angelo Ravelli
  • Lucio Aramini
  • Giovanni Di Fuccia
  • Carlo A. Nicola
  • Alberto Martini
Regular Papers

Abstract

Chronic iridocyclitis (CI) is among the most important extra-articular manifestations of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and is most often observed in young girls with pauciarticular JCA and circulating antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). The frequency of CI found in 39 children with ANA-positive pauciarticular JCA was 56%. None of the patients developed ocular complications during follow-up. We think that this favourable outcome was primarily due to the early diagnosis and to our choice of using atropine as a mydriatic agent and to prolong atropine, after having spaced its administration further apart, up to one year or longer after the remission of ocular manifestations.

Key words

antinuclear antibodies chronic iridocyclitis juvenile chronic arthritis ocular complications 

Abbreviations

ANA

antinuclear antibody

CI

chronic iridocyclitis

JCA

juvenile chronic arthritis

RF

rheumatoid factor

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Gori
    • 1
  • Anna Maria Broglia
    • 1
  • Angelo Ravelli
    • 2
  • Lucio Aramini
    • 2
  • Giovanni Di Fuccia
    • 2
  • Carlo A. Nicola
    • 1
  • Alberto Martini
    • 2
  1. 1.The Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of Pavia, IRCCS S. MatteoPaviaItaly
  2. 2.The Department of PediatricsUniversity of Pavia, IRCCS S. MatteoPaviaItaly

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