Synthesis of 2-ethyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.4]-nonane, the major component of the pheromone of the chalcograph beetle pityogenes chalcographus (L.)

  • O. A. Kozhich
  • G. M. Segal'
  • I. V. Torgov
Organic Chemistry


A synthesis was reported for 2-ethyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.4]nonane (chalcograne), which is an aggregational pheromone for thePityogenes chalcographus (L.) bark beetle.


Bark Nonane Bark Beetle Aggregational Pheromone 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. A. Kozhich
    • 1
  • G. M. Segal'
    • 1
  • I. V. Torgov
    • 1
  1. 1.M. M. Shemyakin Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscow

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