The deformation of a liquid drop by an electric field
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The shape and stability of an incompressible dielectric drop which is stressed by a uniform external electric field are re-examined by considering small perturbations from a prolate spheroid. Compared with the shapes predicted by other approximations it is found that, for a given field strength, the drops should be a little longer and consequently a little flatter at the equator in order to satisfy the equilibrium conditions. It is also shown that beyond a certain drop deformation the L. P. E. (Legendre polynomial expansion) method fails because the equilibrium conditions at the surface of the drop are not satisfied.
KeywordsEquilibrium Condition Field Strength Mathematical Method Small Perturbation Prolate
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