Effect of whole-body vibration with different frequencies and intensities on auditory evoked potentials and heart rate in man

  • P. Ullsperger
  • H. Seidel
  • G. Menzel
Article

Summary

Auditory evoked brain potentials (AEP) and electrocardiogram (ECG) were recorded from 9 healthy male subjects during sinusoidal whole-body vibration exposure (WBV) in the longitudinal (±az) direction with four frequencies (1 Hz, 2 Hz, 4 Hz, and 8 Hz) and two intensities as well as under non-WBV conditions. The sequences of the different experimental conditions were arranged according to a 9×9 Latin Square design. The sound of the electrohydraulic vibrator was masked by a constant noise level. A subtraction technique was used to eliminate vibration-synchronous activity contaminating the electroencephalogram. The AEP amplitude N1-P2 revealed systematic effects of different WBV frequencies and intensities. The amplitude decreased along with an increase in intensity (16 dB) by about 10 per cent. It diminished increasingly with a monotonic trend in the order non-WBV, WBV 8 Hz, WBV 4 Hz, WBV 2 Hz, and WBV 1 Hz. The interbeat-interval histograms computed from the ECG exhibited the highest mean values at MBV of 1 Hz, high intensity, and the lowest ones at WBV of 4 Hz, high intensity. The AEPs are reaffirmed as an informative measure for studying the WBV effect on central nervous information processing, although the modes of action are not yet fully known. Efferent influences on the acoustic input, cross-modality interaction, sensory mismatch, and changes of central nervous activation level are discussed as potential mechanisms.

Key words

Whole body vibration Auditory evoked brain potentials Heart rate Information processing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ullsperger
    • 1
  • H. Seidel
    • 1
  • G. Menzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Institute of Occupational Medicine of the GDRBerlinBerlinGerman Democratic Republic

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