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Plasma renin activity, aldosterone and catecholamine levels when swimming and running

  • C. Y. Guezennec
  • G. Defer
  • G. Cazorla
  • C. Sabathier
  • F. Lhoste
Article

Summary

The purpose of this study was to determine the response of plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and catecholamines to two graded exercises differing by posture. Seven male subjects (19–25 years) performed successively a running rest on a treadmill and a swimming test in a 50-m swimming pool. Each exercise was increased in severity in 5-min steps with intervals of 1 min. Oxygen consumption, heart rate and blood lactate, measured every 5 min, showed a similar progression in energy expenditure until exhaustion, but there was a shorter time to exhaustion in the last step of the running test. PRA, PAC and catecholamines were increased after both types of exercise. The PRA increase was higher after the running test (20.9 ng AngI · ml−1 · h−1) than after swimming (8.66 ng AngI · ml−1 · h−1). The PAC increase was slightly greater after running (123 pg · ml−1) than swimming (102 pg · ml−1), buth the difference was not significant. Plasma catecholamine was higher after the swimming test. These results suggest that the volume shift induced by the supine position and water pressure during swimming decreased the PRA response. The association after swimming compared to running of a decreased PRA and an enhanced catecholamine response rule out a strict dependence of renin release under the effect of plasma catecholamines and is evidence of the major role of neural pathways for renin secretion during physical exercise.

Key words

Plasma catecholamines Plasma renin activity Plasma aldosterone Swimming Running 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Y. Guezennec
    • 1
  • G. Defer
    • 2
  • G. Cazorla
    • 1
  • C. Sabathier
    • 2
  • F. Lhoste
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Center for Aerospace MedecineParis
  2. 2.2 Department of Clinical PharmacologyHÔpital Henri Mondor CréteilCréteilFrance

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