Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 341–350 | Cite as

The operation of long-life anodes in amalgam cells

  • D. Bergner
  • S. Kotowski


In recent years, long-life anodes have become a well established type of DSA(R) anodes for the production of chlorine in mercury cells. They offer considerable benefits compared to ‘normal’ or conventional metal anodes, i.e. reduced costs for repair, transportation and installation as well as a lower consumption of energy. The reason for the decline in damage incidents is probably the slightly increased electrical resistance of the coating. The reasons for the extended service life of the anodes are the decrease in the generation of oxygen and the improved protection of the titanium substrate against penetrating brine and oxygen diffusion.


Oxygen Titanium Physical Chemistry Mercury Transportation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    H. B. Beer, Netherland Patent 6 606 302 (1966).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Idem, British Patent l 195 871 (1968).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    H. Hund, H. Schaefer and D. Bergner, German Patent 2 300 422 (1974).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    S. Kotowski, unpublished results.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    D. Bergner and J. W. Kühn- von Burgsdorff,Chem. Ins. Techn. 52 (1980) 429.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    D. Bergner, H. Hund and H. Schaefer,ibid. 47 (1975) 136.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    D. Bergner and J. W. Kühn-von Burgsdorff, ‘Modern Chlor-Alkali Technology’ (edited by M. O. Coulter) Ellis Horwood Ltd, Chichester (1980) Chap. 8.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    H. Prüller, W. Kasper, W. Radunski, W. Drees ‘Datensammlung für den Bereich der Chlorfabrik’ (edited by Chemische Werke Hüls AG, D-4370 Marl).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    F. Hine, M. Yasuda, T. Noda, T. Yoshida and J. Okuda,J. Electrochem. Soc. 126 (1979) 1439.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    L. D. Burke and O. J. Murphy,J. Electroanal chem. 109 (1980) 199.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    F. Hine, M. Yasuda and T. Yoshida,J. Electrochem. Soc. 124 (1977) 500.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Ya. M. Kolotyrkin,Denki Kagaku,47 (1979) 390.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    T. Loucka,J. Appl. Electrochem. 7 (1977) 211.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    C. Iwakura, M. Inai, M. Manabe and H. Tamura,Denki Kagaku 48 (1980) 91.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    G. Barral, J. Guitton, M. Montella and F. Vergara,Surface Technol. 8 (1979) 113.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    H. Tamura,Denki Kagaku 43 (1975) 674.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    D. Bergner,Chemiker Zeitung 104 (1980) 215.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Bergner
    • 1
  • S. Kotowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Hoechst AktiengesellschaftFrankfurt/Main 80Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Heraeus Elektroden GmbHHanau 1Federal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations