Advertisement

The moon and the planets

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 13–25 | Cite as

Formation of solar system as a result of evolution of protostar of second or subsequent generation

  • K. G. Miesserov
Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The formation of the solar system is considered from the physico-chemical point of view. The main role in the process is ascribed to heavy metals and to the surface tension that had arisen as a result of appearance of a liquid layer of fused substance in the equatorial region of the protostar. The formation of the liquid layer was caused by the transfer of fused substance droplets under the action of centrifugal forces in the direction of the protostar surface. Due to the surface tension the prevalence of the centrifugal forces over the gravitational ones was able to reach the value when the density differentiation of the substance began to take place under the effect of the centrifugal forces, and accumulation of heavy metals proceeded in outermost equatorial region of the protostar. As a result the disk has been formed and a liquid ring was separated from the protostar. Later explosions on the young Sun sent parts of the hardened ring which possessed the first cosmic velocity to different distances away from the Sun. In such a way planets, their satellites, asteroids, meteorites and comets were formed. The physical characteristics of planets, the parameters of their orbits, and the data on the structure of meteorites are consistent with ideas developed in the paper.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Surface Tension Physical Characteristic Solar System Centrifugal Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adam, N. K.: 1968,The Physics and Chemistry of Surfaces, Dover, New York, pp 1–12.Google Scholar
  2. Alfvén, H.: 1954, 1979,The Origin of the Solar System, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1054; in S. F. Dermott (ed.), ‘The Origin of the Solar System’, Wiley, New York, 1979, pp. 19–48.Google Scholar
  3. Alfvén, H. and Arrhenius, G.: 1976,Evolution of the Solar System, Scientific techn. inform. office, Washington.Google Scholar
  4. Baker, R. H.: 1964,Astronomy, Van Nostrand, Princeton, p. 272.Google Scholar
  5. Batchelor, G. K.: 1967,An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge Unv. Press, Cambridge, pp. 60–70.Google Scholar
  6. Berlage, H. P.: 1968,Origin of the Solar System, Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  7. Cameron, A. G. W.: 1975, 1979,Sci. Am.,233, 32–41, 1975; in S. F. Dermott (ed.),The Origin of the Solar System, Wiley, New York, 1979, pp. 49–74.Google Scholar
  8. Chandrasekhar, S.: 1965, 1969,Proc. Roy. Soc. London series A,286, 1965, pp. 1–26;Ellipsoidal Figures of Equilibrium, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1969.Google Scholar
  9. Cotton, F. A. and Wilkinson, G.: 1966,Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, Wiley, New York, p. 332.Google Scholar
  10. Eskinazy, S.: 1968,Principles of Fluid Mechanics, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, pp. 74–81.Google Scholar
  11. Fessenkov, V. G.: 1949,Astronomisscheskii Zh. 26, No. 2, 67–83.Google Scholar
  12. Gamow, G.: 1961,The Creation of the Universe, Macmillan, London, pp. 74–111.Google Scholar
  13. Gorbatsky, V. G.: 1979,Kosmicheskie vzryvy, Nauka' Publishers, Moscow, p. 104.Google Scholar
  14. Greenberg, R., Hartmann, W. K., Chapman, C. R., and Wacker, J. F.: 1978, in T. Gehrels (ed.),Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tuscon, pp. 599–624.Google Scholar
  15. Hagihara, Y.: 1970,Theories of Equilibrium Figures of a Rotating Homogeneous Fluid Mass, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 1–50.Google Scholar
  16. Hirschfelder, J. O., Curtiss, C. F., and Bird, R. B.: 1954,Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, Wiley, New York, pp. 22–26.Google Scholar
  17. Hoyle, F.: 1956,Frontiers of Astronomy, Heinemann, London and Melbourne.Google Scholar
  18. Ivanovsky, M.: 1951,Rozdenie mirov, ‘Molodaya Gvardia’ Publishers, Leningrad, pp. 49–50, 76–78, 82–83, 175–176.Google Scholar
  19. Kandilarov, G. G.: 1969,Monatshefte für Chemie 100, 213.Google Scholar
  20. Krat, V. A.: 1951,Trudy pervogo soveshchaniya po voprosam kosmogonii, AN SSSR Press, Moscow, pp. 61–62.Google Scholar
  21. Kuiper, G. P.: 1951, in J. A. Hynek (ed.)Astrophysics, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 357–424.Google Scholar
  22. Lavrukhina, A. K. and Kolesov, G. M.: 1965,Izotopy vo Vselennoi, Atomizdat' Publishers, Moscow, p. 54.Google Scholar
  23. Lavrukhina, A. K. and Baryshnikova, G. V.: 1978, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obchchest., Vol107, 4, pp. 418–420.Google Scholar
  24. Levin, B. J.: 1949,Priroda 10, 3.Google Scholar
  25. Lichtenstein, L.: 1933,Gleichgewichtsfiguren rotierender Flüssigkeiten, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 10–22.Google Scholar
  26. Mason, B.: 1962,Meteorites Wiley, New York, pp. 50–52.Google Scholar
  27. McCrea, W. H.: 1979, in S. F. Dermott (ed.)The Origin of the Solar System, Wiley, New York, pp. 75–110.Google Scholar
  28. Mouschovias, T. C.: 1978, in T. Gehrels (ed.)Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, pp. 209–242.Google Scholar
  29. Prentice, A. J. R.: 1979, in S. F. Dermott (ed.)Origin of the Solar System, Wiley, New York, pp. 11–161.Google Scholar
  30. Putilin, I. I.: 1953,Malye planety, Izdatel'stvo technikoteoret. literatury., Moscow, p. 224.Google Scholar
  31. Recknagel, A.: 1971,Physik, Mechanik, VEB Verlag Technik, Berlin, pp. 332–334.Google Scholar
  32. Reeves, H.: 1978, 1979, in T. Gehrels (ed.),Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, 1978, pp. 399–426; in S. F. Dermott (ed.),The Origin of the Solar System, Wiley, New York, 1979, pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  33. Rigge, D.: 1978, in G. D. Birnie and D. Reakwood (eds.),Centrifugal Separations in Molecular and Cell Biology, Buttworths, London, pp. 33, 51.Google Scholar
  34. Ringwood, A. E.: 1979,Origin of Earth and Moon, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Roberts, W. L., Rapp, G. R., and Weber, J.: 1974, inEncyclopedia of Minerals, Van Nostrand, New York.Google Scholar
  36. Ross, J. E. and Aller, L. H.: 1976,Science 191, 1223.Google Scholar
  37. Safronov, V. S. and Ruzmaikina, T. V.: 1978, in T. Gehrels (ed.)Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, pp. 545–564.Google Scholar
  38. Schatzman, E.: 1967,Ann. Astrophys. 30, 963.Google Scholar
  39. Schmidt, O. Y.: 1959,A Theory of the Origin of the Earth, Four Lectures., Lawrence and Wishart, London.Google Scholar
  40. Schmidt, X. X.: 1964,Organic Chemistry, 8th edition, Oliver and Royd, London, p. 119.Google Scholar
  41. Schramm, D. N.: 1978, in T. Gehrels (ed.),Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, pp. 384–398.Google Scholar
  42. Simonenko, A. N.: 1979,Meteority-oscolki asteroidov, Nauka' Publishers, Moscow, pp. 21–38.Google Scholar
  43. Steensgaard, J., Møller, N. P., and Funding, L.: 1978, in G. D. Birnie and D. Reakwood (eds.),Centrifugal Separations in Molecular and Cell Biology, Butterworths, London, pp. 115, 125, 126.Google Scholar
  44. Urey, H.: 1957, ‘Meteorites and the Origin of the Solar System’, 41 st Gutrie Lecture Yearbook of the Physical Society, London, pp. 14–29.Google Scholar
  45. Wasson, J. T.: 1974,Meteorites. Classification and Properties, Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 11–38.Google Scholar
  46. Weast, R. C.: 1978, inHandbook of Chemistry and Physics, 59th edition, CRC, West Palm Beach, pp. B—1—2, B-263–265, F-25–38.Google Scholar
  47. Weizsäcker, C. F.: 1944,Z. Astrophys. 22, 319.Google Scholar
  48. Wesson, P. S.: 1979,Astron. Astrophys. 76, 200.Google Scholar
  49. Wetherill, G. W.: 1978, in T. Gehrels (ed.)Protostars and Planets; Studies of Star Formation and of the Origin of the Solar System, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tucson, pp. 565–598.Google Scholar
  50. Whipple, F. L.: 1963, 1964,Earth. Moon and Planets, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1963, p. 257;Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 52, 1964, 565.Google Scholar
  51. Wood, J. A.: 1963, 1968,Icarus 2, 152, 1963;Meteorites and the Origin of Planets, McGraw Hill, New York, 1968, pp. 15–19, 30–41, 102–103.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. G. Miesserov
    • 1
  1. 1.A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical SynthesisAcademy of Sciences of the U.S.S.RMoscowU.S.S.R.

Personalised recommendations