Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 183, Issue 3–4, pp 183–194 | Cite as

The 5S DNA units of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum)

  • R. Appels
  • B. R. Baum
  • B. C. Clarke


A collection of 44 cloned 5S DNA units fromTriticum aestivum cv. ‘Chinese Spring’ were grouped into 12 sequence-types based on sequence similarity and the respective consensus sequences were then produced. The relationship between these 12 consensus sequences (T. aestivum S 1-S 8 andT. aestivum L 1-L 4), together with two clones sequenced byGerlach andDyer, and the 5S DNA consensus sequences from diploidTriticum spp. were then determined by numerical methods. Both phenetic and cladistic analyses were carried out. The following wheat 5S DNA sequences were found to group with respective sequences from diploidTriticum spp.:T. aestivum S 4, S 6 withT. tauschii S;T. aestivum S 3 withT. monococcum S andT. monococcum S-Rus 7;T. aestivum L 1 andT. aestivum L-G&D withT. speltoides L;T. aestivum L 2, L 3 withT. tauschii L;T. aestivum L 4 withT. monococcum L andT. monococcum L-Rus 12. The analyses suggested that 5 out of the 65S Dna loci present in wheat were identified at the sequence level. The locus that could not be identified in this analysis was the5S Dna-B 1 locus. A group ofT. aestivum sequences (T. aestivum S 1, S 7, S 8, S-G&D) were found to be distinct from the other 5S DNA sequences in the data base. The existence of the distinct group of 5S DNA sequences suggests that there is a gap in our current understanding of wheat evolution with respect to the5S Dna loci.

Key words

Poaceae Triticum aestivum 5S DNA sequences chromosomal5S Dna loci wheat evolution 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Appels
    • 1
  • B. R. Baum
    • 2
  • B. C. Clarke
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIRO Division of Plant IndustryCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Wm. Saunders Building, Central Experimental FarmCentre for Land and Biological Resources ResearchOttawaCanada

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