Advertisement

American Journal of Community Psychology

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 407–421 | Cite as

Gender differences in emotional support and depressive symptoms among adolescents: A prospective analysis

  • Lesley A. Slavin
  • Karie L. Rainer
Articles

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Gender Difference Social Psychology Health Psychology Emotional Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression.Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 53–63.Google Scholar
  2. Belle, D. (1982). The stress of caring: Women as providers of social support. In L. Goldberger & S. Breznitz (Eds.),Handbook of stress: Theoretical and clinical aspects. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  3. Blyth, D. A., Hill, J. P., & Thiel, K. S. (1982). Early adolescents' significant others: Grade and gender differences in perceived relationships with familial and nonfamilial adults and young people.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 11, 425–450.Google Scholar
  4. Burke, R. J., & Weir, T. (1978). Differences in adolescent life stress, social support, and well-being.Journal of Psychology, 98, 277–288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cauce, A. M., Felner, R. D., & Primavera, J. (1982). Social support in high-risk adolescents: Structural components and adaptive impact.American Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 417–428.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chodorow, N. (1978).The reproduction of mothering. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cobb, S. (1976). Social support as a moderator of life stress.Psychosomatic Medicine, 38, 300–314.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983).Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Compas, B. E. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence.Psychological Bulletin, 101, 1–11.Google Scholar
  11. Compas, B. E., Wagner, B. M., Slavin, L. A., & Vannatta, K. (1986). A prospective study of life events, social support, and psychological symptomatology during the transition from high school to college.American Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 241–257.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Coyne, J. C. (1976). Toward an interactional description of depression.Psychiatry, 39, 28–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Dohrenwend, B. S., Dohrenwend, B. P., Dodson, M., & Shrout, P. E. (1984). Symptoms, hassles, social supports and life events: The problem of confounded measures.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 220–230.Google Scholar
  14. Gilligan, C. (1982a).In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gilligan, C. (1982b). New maps of development: New visions of maturity.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 52, 199–212.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. House, J. S. (1981).Work stress and social support. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  17. House, J. S., Kahn, R. L., McLeod, J. D., and Williams, D. (1985). Measures and concepts of social support. In S. Cohen & S. L. Syme (Eds.),Social support and health. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  18. Kessler, R. C., & McLeod, J. D. (1984). Sex differences in vulnerability to undesirable life events.American Sociological Review, 49, 620–631.Google Scholar
  19. Kessler, R. C., McLeod, J. D., & Wethington, E. (1985). The costs of caring: A perspective on the relationship between sex and psychological distress. In I. G. Sarason & B. R. Sarason (Eds.),Social support: Theory, research and applications. The Hague: Martinus Nijhof.Google Scholar
  20. Kovacs, M. (1981). Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children.Acta Paedopsychiatry, 46, 305–315.Google Scholar
  21. Kovacs, M. (1983).The Children's Depression Inventory: A self-rated depression scale for school-aged youngsters. Unpublished manuscript, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.Google Scholar
  22. Larzelere, R. E., & Mulaik, S. A. (1977). Single sample tests for many correlations.Psychological Bulletin, 84, 557–569.Google Scholar
  23. Leavy, R. L. (1983). Social support and psychological disorder: A review.Journal of Community Psychology, 11, 3–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Lyons, N. (1983). Two perspectives on self, relationships and morality.Harvard Educational Review, 53, 125–145.Google Scholar
  25. Monroe, S. M., & Steiner, S. C. (1986). Social support and psychopathology: Interactions with preexisting disorder, stress and personality.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 29–39.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Procidano, M. E., & Heller, K. (1983). Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: Three validation studies.American Journal of Community Psychology, 11, 1–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Rosario, M., Shinn, M., Morch, H., & Huckabee, C. B. (1988). Gender differences in coping and social supports: Testing socialization and role constraint theories.Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 55–69.Google Scholar
  28. Slavin, L. A. (in press). Validation studies of the PEPSS, a measure of social support for use with adolescents.Journal of Adolescent Research.Google Scholar
  29. Slavin, L. A., & Compas, B. E. (1989). The problem of confunding social support and depressive symptoms: A brief report on a college sample.American Journal of Community Psychology, 17, 57–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Soloman, L. J., & Rothblum, E. D. (1986). Stress, coping and social support in women,Behavior Therapist, 9, 199–204.Google Scholar
  31. Tardy, C. H. (1985). Social support measurement.American Journal of Community Psychology, 13, 187–202.Google Scholar
  32. Thoits, P. A. (1982). Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical problems in studying social support as a buffer against life stress.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 23, 145–159.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Vaux, A. (1985). Variations in social support associated with gender, ethnicity, and age,Journal of Social Issues, 41, 89–110.Google Scholar
  34. Younis, J., & Smollar, J. (1985).Adolescent relations with mothers, fathers, and friends, Chicago: University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lesley A. Slavin
    • 1
  • Karie L. Rainer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmond

Personalised recommendations