This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Aldwin, C. M., & Revenson, T. A. (1987). Does coping help? A reexamination of the relation between coping and mental health.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 337–348.
Allport, G. (1950).The individual and his religion: A psychological interpretation. New York: MacMillan.
Allport, G. W. & Ross, J. M. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 432–443.
Bakan, D. (1968).Disease, pain, and sacrifice: Toward a psychology of suffering. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Batson, C. D. (1976). Religion as prosocial: Agent or double agent.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 15, 29–45.
Batson, C., & Ventis, W. (1982).The religious experience: A social-psychological perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.
Benson, P., & Spilka, B. (1973). God image as a function of self-esteem and locus of control.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 12, 297–310.
Benson, P. L., & Williams, D. L. (1982).Religion on Capitol Hill: Myths and realities. New York: Harper and Row.
Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1984). Coping, stress and social resources among adults with unipolar depression.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 877–891.
Bulman, J., & Wortman, C. (1977). Attributions of blame and coping in the “real world”: Severe accident victims react to their lot.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 351–363.
Clark, W. (1958).The psychology of religion. New York: MacMillan.
Cleary, P. D., & Houts, P. S. (1984). The psychological impact of the Three Mile Incident.Journal of Human Stress, Spring, 28–34.
Cohen, S., & Willis, T. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357.
Cook, J. A., & Wimberly, D. (1983). If I should die before I wake: Religious commitment and adjustment to the death of a child.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 22, 222–238.
Coyne, J. C., & DeLongis, A. (1986). Going beyond social support: The role of social relationships in adaptation.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 454–460.
DeLongis, A., Coyne, J., Dakof, G., Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. (1982). Relationship of daily hassles, uplifts, and major life events to health status.Health Psychology, 1, 119–136.
Dittes, J. E. (1969). Psychology of religion. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.),The handbook of social psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 602–659). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Donahue, M. J. (1985). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness: Review and meta-analysis.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 400–419.
Durkheim, E. (1915).The elementary forms of the religious life. New York: Free Press.
Ebaugh, H., Richman, K., & Chafetz, J. (1984). Life crises among the religiously committed: Do sectarian differences matter?Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 23, 19–31.
Echemendia, R. & Pargament, K. I. (1982). The psychosocial functions of religion: Reconceptualization and measurement. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C.
Ellis, A. (1960). There is no place for the concept of sin in psychotherapy.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 7, 188–192.
Eckenrode, J. (1984). Impact of chronic and acute stressors on daily reports of mood.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 907–918.
Erikson, E. (1963).Childhood and society. New York: Norton.
Feagin, J. (1964). Prejudice and religious types: A focused study of Southern Fundamentalists.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 4, 3–13.
Fichter, J. H. (1981).Religion and pain: The spiritual dimensions of health care. New York: Crossroad.
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975).Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley.
Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1988). Coping as a mediator of emotion.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 466–475.
Folkman, S., Schaefer, C., & Lazarus, R. S. (1979). Cognitive processes as mediators of stress and coping. In V. Hamilton & D. M. Warburton (Eds.),Human stress and cognition: An information-processing approach. London: Wiley.
Frankl, V. E. (1963).Man's search for meaning. New York: Washington Square Press.
Frazer, J. G. (1925).The golden bough. New York: MacMillan.
Freud, S. (1949).The future of an illusion. New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation.
Fromm, E. (1960).Psychoanalysis and religion. New York: Rinehart and Winston.
Gallup Report. (1985, May). No. 236. Princeton, NJ: Author.
Geertz, C. (1966). Religion as a cultural system. In M. Banton (Ed.),Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (pp. 1–46) London: Tavistock.
Gibbs, H. W., & Achterberg-Lawlis, J. (1978). Spiritual values and death anxiety: Implications for counseling with terminal cancer patients.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 25, 563–569.
Gil, K. M., Abrams, M. R., Phillips, G., & Keefe, F. J. (1989). Sickle cell disease pain: Relation of coping strategies to adjustment.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 725–731.
Gilbert, K. R. (1989).Religion as a resource for bereaved parents as they cope with the death of their child. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council on Family Relations, New Orleans.
Glock, C. Y., Ringer, B. B., & Babbie, R. (1967).To comfort and to challenge: A dilemma of the contemporary church. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Goldberg, D. (1978).Manual of the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor, Ontario: National Foundation for Educational Research.
Gorsuch, R. (1984). Measurement: The boon and bane of investigating religion.American Psychologist, 39, 228–236.
Grevengoed, N., & Pargament, K. (1987).Attributions for death: An examination of the role of religion and the relationship between attributions and mental health. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Louisville, KY.
Greeley, A. M. (1972).The denominational society. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.
Griffith, E., Young, J., & Smith, D. (1984). An analysis of the therapeutic elements in a black church service.Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 35, 464–469.
Hammond, P. (1988). Religion and the persistence of identity.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 27, 1–11.
Heller, K., & Swindle, R. (1983). Social networks, perceived social support, and coping with stress. In R. D. Felner, L. Jason, J. Moritsugu, & S. Farber (Eds.),Preventive psychology: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 87–103). New York: Pergamon.
Hoge, D. (1972). A validated intrinsic religious motivation scale.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 11, 396–497.
Jenkins, R., & Pargament, K. (1988). Cognitive appraisals in cancer patients.Social Science and Medicine, 26, 625–633.
Kahoe, R. D. (1982).The power of religious hope. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
King, M. & Hunt, R. (1975). Measuring the religious variable: National replication.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 14, 13–22.
Kirpatrick, L. A. (1989). A psychometric analysis of the Allport-Ross and Feagin measures of intrinsic-extrinsic religious orientation. InResearch in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 1, 1–30.
Koenig, H., George, L., & Siegler, J. (1988). The use of religion and other emotion-regulating coping strategies among older adults.Gerontologist, 28, 303–310.
Kushner, H. S. (1981).When bad things happen to good people. New York: Schocken.
Lasker, J. N., Lohmann, J., & Toedter, L. (1989).The role of religion in bereavement: The case of pregnancy loss. Paper presented at the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, Salt Lake City, UT.
Lazarus, R., & Folkman, S. (1984).Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
Malinowski, B. (1925). Magic, science and religion. In J. Needham (Ed.),Science, religion and reality. New York: Macmillan.
Maslow, A. H. (1970).Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Row.
Maton, K. (1989). The stress-buffering role of spiritual support: Cross-sectional and prospective investigations.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28, 310–323.
Maton, K., & Rappaport, J. (1984). Empowerment in a religious setting: A multivariate investigation.Prevention in Human Services, 3, 37–72.
McCrae, R. R. (1984). Situational determinants of coping responses: Loss, threat and challenge.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 919–928.
Moos, R. H. (1986).Coping with life crises: An integrated approach. New York: Plenum Press.
Moos, R., Cronkite, R., Billings, A., & Finney, J. (1984).Health and daily living form manual. Palo Alto, CA: Social Ecology Laboratory.
Neighbors, H. W., Jackson, J. S., Bowman, P. J., & Gurin, G. (1983). Stress, coping, and black mental health: Preliminary findings from a national study,Prevention in Human Services, 5–29.
Newman, J., & Pargament, K. (1990). The role of religion in problem solving.Review of Religious Research, 31, 390–404.
O'Brien, M. E. (1982). Religious faith and ajdustment to long-term dialysis,Journal of Religion and Health, 21(1), 68–80.
Pargament, K. (1990). God help me. Toward a theoretical framework of coping for the psychology of religion.Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 2, 195–224.
Pargament, K., Brannick, M., Adamakos, H., Ensing, D., Keleman, M., Warren, R., Falgout, K., Cook, P., & Myers, J. (1987). Indiscriminate proreligiousness: Conceptualization and measurement.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 26, 182–200.
Pargament, K. I., & Hahn, J. (1986). God and the just world: Causal and coping attributions in health situations.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 25, 193–207.
Pargament, K., Kennell, J., Hathaway, W., Grevengoed, N., Newman, J., & Jones, W. (1988). Religion and the problem solving process: Three styles of coping.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 27, 90–104.
Pargament, K. I., Sullivan, M. S., Tyler, F. B., & Steele, R. E. (1982). Patterns of attribution of control and individual psychosocial competence.Psychological Reports, 51, 1243–1252.
Park, C., Cohen, L. H., & Herb, L. (in press). Intrinsic religiousness and religious coping as life stress moderators for Catholics versus Protestants.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Pollner, M. (1989). Divine relations, social relations, and well-being.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 30, 92–104.
Princeton Religion Research Center. (1987). Faith development and your ministry. Princeton, NJ: Author.
Pruyser, P. W. (1968).A dynamic psychology of religion. New York: Harper and Row.
Putney, S., & Middleton, R. (1961). Dimensions and correlates of religious ideologies.Social Forces, 39, 285–290.
Rabkin, J., & Struening, E. (1976). Life events, stress and illness.Science, 194, 1013–1020.
Roozen, D. A., & Carroll, J. W. (1989). Methodological issues in denominational surveys of congregations.Review of Religious Research, 31(2), 115–131.
Snook, S., & Gorsuch, R. L. (1989). Component analysis versus common factor analysis: A Monte Carlo study.Psychological Bulletin, 106, 148–154.
Spilka, B., Hood, R., & Gorsuch, L. (1985).The psychology of religion: An empirical approach. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Spilka, B., Shaver, P., & Kirkpatrick, L. (1985). A general attribution theory for the psychology of religion.Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 24, 1–20.
Stone, A. A., & Neale, J. M. (1984). New measures of daily coping: Development and preliminary results.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 892–906.
Tardy, C. H. (1985). Social support measurement.American Journal of Community Psychology, 13, 187–202.
Taylor, S. E. (1983). Adjustment to threatening events: A theory of cognitive adaptation.American Psychologist, 38, 1161–1174.
Thoits, P. A. (1983). Dimensions of life events that influence psychological distress: An evaluation and synthesis of the literature. In H. B. Kaplan (Ed.),Psychosocial stress: Trends in theory and research (pp. 33–103). New York: Academic Press.
Tillich, P. (1952).The courage to be. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press.
Tyler, F. (1978). Individual psychosocial competence: A personality configuration.Education and Psychological Measurement, 38, 309–323.
Wright, S., Pratt, C., & Schmall, V. (1985). Spiritual support for caregivers of dementia patients.Journal of Religion and Health, 24(1), 31–38.
Yates, J., Chalmer, B., St. James, P., Follensbee, M., & McKegney, F. (1981). Religion in patients with advanced cancer.Medical and Pediatric Oncology, 9, 121–128.
This research was supported by a grant awarded to the first author by the Ohio Board of Regents Research Challenge program. After the first and second authorship, the order of authorship was determined alphabetically. We thank the participants in our study and June Hahn for her statistical assistance.
About this article
Cite this article
Pargament, K.I., Ensing, D.S., Falgout, K. et al. God help me: (I): Religious coping efforts as predictors of the outcomes to significant negative life events. Am J Commun Psychol 18, 793–824 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00938065