Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 178, Issue 1–2, pp 95–105 | Cite as

Observations on pollination inSarcostemma (Asclepiadaceae)

  • Henning Kunze
  • Sigrid Liede


Field observations on pollination in New World species of the genusSarcostemmaR. Br. sensuHolm are reported. Morphological and anatomical comparisons of pollinated flowers ofSarcostemma subg.CeramanthusKuntze (New World) andSarcostemma subg.Sarcostemma (Old World) are presented.

Key words

Angiosperms Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadeae Cynanchinae Sarcostemma Floral anatomy floral morphology pollination 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brown, R., 1833: On the organs and mode of fecundation inOrchideae andAsclepiadeae. — Trans. Linn. Soc. London16: 685–745.Google Scholar
  2. Corry, T. H., 1884: On the structure and development of the gynostegium and the mode of fertilization inAsclepias cornuti Decaisne (A. syriaca L.). — Trans. Linn. Soc. London2,2: 173–207.Google Scholar
  3. Eisikowitch, D., 1986: Morpho-ecological aspects on the pollination ofCalotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) in Israel. — Pl. Syst. Evol.152: 185–194.Google Scholar
  4. Frost, S. W., 1968: Insects and pollinia. — Ecology46: 556–558.Google Scholar
  5. Frye, T. C., 1902: Morphological studies of certainAsclepiadaceae. — Bot. Gaz.34: 389–413.Google Scholar
  6. Hildebrandt, F., 1867: Frederigo Delpino's Beobachtungen über die Bestäubungsvorrichtungen der Phanerogamen. Mit Zusätzen und Illustrationen. — Bot. Zeitung28: 265–287.Google Scholar
  7. Holm, R., 1950: The American species ofSarcostemma R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae). — Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard.37: 477–561.Google Scholar
  8. Kephart, S., 1981: Breeding systems inAsclepias incarnata L.,Asclepias syriaca L. andAsclepias verticillata L. — Amer. J. Bot.68: 226–232.Google Scholar
  9. Kunze, H., 1981: Morphogenese und Synorganisation des Bestäubungsapparates einiger Asclepiadaceen. — Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen56: 133–170.Google Scholar
  10. —, 1991: Structure and function in asclepiad pollination. — Pl. Syst. Evol.176: 227–253.Google Scholar
  11. Liede, S., Whitehead, V., 1991: Studies in the pollination biology ofSarcostemma viminale R. Br. sensu lato (Asclepiadaceae). — S. African J. Bot.57 (in press).Google Scholar
  12. Lynch, S. P., 1977: The floral ecology ofAsclepias solanoana Woods. — Madroño24: 159–177.Google Scholar
  13. Macior, L. W., 1965: Insect adaptations and behaviour inAsclepias pollination. — Bull. Torrey Bot. Club92: 114–126.Google Scholar
  14. Mulcahy, D. L., 1979: The rise of angiosperms: a geneological factor. — Science206: 20–23.Google Scholar
  15. Pant, D. D., Nautiyal, D. D., Chaturvedi, S. K., 1982: Pollination ecology of some Indian Asclepiads. — Phytomorph.32: 302–313.Google Scholar
  16. Ramakrishna, T. N., Govindappa, D. A., 1979: Pollination biology ofCalotropis gigantea (L.)R. Br. — Curr. Sci.48: 212.Google Scholar
  17. Sage, T. L., Broyles, S. B., Wyatt, R., 1990: The relationship between the five stigmatic chambers and two ovaries of Milkweed (Asclepias amplexicaulis Sm.) flowers: a three-dimensional assessment. — Israel J. Bot.39: 187–196.Google Scholar
  18. Schumann, K., 1895:Asclepiadaceae. — InEngler, A., Prantl, K., (Eds.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien IV, 2, pp. 189–305. — Leipzig: Engelmann.Google Scholar
  19. Wanntorp, H. E., 1974:Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadaceae) andXylocopa tenuiscapa (Hymenoptera, Apidae). — Svensk Bot. Tidskr.68: 25–32.Google Scholar
  20. Willson, M. F., Price, P. W., 1979: Resource limitation of fruit and seed production in someAsclepias species. — Canad. J. Bot.58: 2229–2233.Google Scholar
  21. —, 1974: Adaptive design of the floral display inAsclepias syriaca L. — Amer. Midl. Naturalist92: 47–57.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henning Kunze
    • 1
  • Sigrid Liede
    • 2
  1. 1.MindenFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut f. BotanikWestf. Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations