Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 177, Issue 3–4, pp 185–192 | Cite as

Crossing experiments within theCampanula dichotoma group (Campanulaceae)

  • Yvonne Nyman
Short communication


Four supposedly closely related taxa were crossed artificially to test for hybridization barriers. Intra- as well as inter-specific crossings were made. The intra-specific crossings resulted in a high portion of viable hybrids, whereas hybridization barriers were found in all inter-specific combinations except one. The hybrids were non-viable at different levels, viz., (1) no seeds germinated, (2) seeds formed lethal chlorotic seedings, or (3) seeds formed chlorophyllous seedlings which survived the cotyledonary stage, but developed into intermediate forms with low pollen production and/or a strongly reduced pollen viability. Crossings betweenCampanula afra and any of the other three taxa resulted in a non-viable progeny. The crossing capacity amongC. occidentalis, C. kremeri, andC. dichotoma varied. Combinations with large-flowered maternal taxa and small-flowered paternal ones usually failed, whereas a high number of the reciprocal crossings produced hybrids which survived the cotyledonary stage. The hybrid plants varied in pollen viability and pollen production, however. It is concluded that theCampanula dichotoma group should be treated as comprising four distinct species.

Key words

Angiosperms Campanulaceae Campanula dichotoma group Hybridization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yvonne Nyman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systematic BotanyUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

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