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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 183, Issue 1–2, pp 99–112 | Cite as

Systematics of AustralianLepidium species (Brassicaceae) and implications for their origin: Evidence from IEF analysis of Rubisco

  • K. Mummenhoff
  • H. Hurka
  • H. -J. Bandelt
Article

Abstract

Variation in subunit polypeptide composition of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) from native AustralianLepidium taxa was analyzed by isoelectric focusing (IEF). Species of grexMonoplocoidea on the one hand, and species of gregesPseudoruderalia andPapillosa on the other, were well separated by Rubisco IEF patterns. The protein data suggest grexMonoplocoidea to be placed in sect.Monoploca whereas gregesPseudoruderalia andPapillosa should be integrated into sect.Dileptium. We suggest that the Rubisco type of American and/or AsianLepidium species was contained in those plants migrating to Australia and evolving into the recent native Australian species. Fossil pollen records and vegetation history indicate that the origin ofLepidium in Australia was restricted to the late Tertiary of Quaternary. Data presented in this study fit best with an immigration by long-distance dispersal of seeds by birds from Asia and/or from South America.

Key words

Brassicaceae Lepidium sectt.Dileptium Monoploca Rubisco IEF systematics immigration long-distance dispersal Flora of Australia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mummenhoff
    • 1
  • H. Hurka
    • 1
  • H. -J. Bandelt
    • 2
  1. 1.Fachbereich BiologieUniversität Osnabrück, Spezielle BotanikOsnabrückFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Mathematisches SeminarUniversität HamburgHamburg 13Federal Republic of Germany

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