Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 156, Issue 1–2, pp 91–115 | Cite as

Evolution, pollination, and systematics of the tribeNeottieae (Orchidaceae)

  • Pamela Burns-Balogh
  • Dariusz L. Szlachetko
  • Amots Dafni


The various classifications of the orchid tribeNeottieae are reviewed and a new classification is proposed that divides the tribe into three subtribes,Neottiinae, Limodorinae, andCephalantherinae, based primarily on characters of the column (gynostemium). A cladistic analysis illustrates that these three subtribes are more closely related to one another than either is to any other group in subfam.Neottioideae, although there are very few apomorphic characters for the tribe. Pollination biology is also discussed showing links between breeding systems and distribution. There is also a possible role between column and labellum morphology and the emergence of a deceptive pollination syndrome from one of reward.

Key words

Angiosperms Neottieae Limodorinae Cephalantherinae Neottinae Listerinae Pollination evolutionary trends phylogenetics of orchids 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Burns-Balogh
    • 1
  • Dariusz L. Szlachetko
    • 2
  • Amots Dafni
    • 3
  1. 1.Inter Documentation CompanyLeidenNetherlands
  2. 2.Department of Plant Ecology and Nature ProtectionUniversity of GdanskGdyniaPoland
  3. 3.Institute of EvolutionHaifa UniversityMt. Carmel, HaifaIsrael

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