Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 162, Issue 1–4, pp 231–250 | Cite as

Early history of theJuglandaceae

  • Steven R. Manchester
Article

Abstract

The major radiation of theJuglandaceae occurred during the early Tertiary as recorded by the proliferation of juglandaceous pollen and the appearance of fruits representing extinct and extant genera of the family. Juglandaceous pollen types of the Paleocene were predominantly triporate and exhibited a greater diversity in patterns of exinous thinning than occurs in the family today. Analyses of in situ pollen from early Tertiary juglandaceous inflorescences confirms the taxonomic value of certain patterns of exinous thinning. Data from co-occurring fruits and pollen indicate that relatively unspecialized, isopolar triporate pollen of the type presently confined to the tribeEngelhardieae also occurred in other tribes of the family during the Paleocene. Pollination has been mostly anemophilous throughout the Tertiary. Both wind and animal fruit-dispersal syndromes were established early in the radiation of the family but a greater diversity of wind-dispersed genera has prevailed.

Key words

Angiosperms Juglandaceae Paleobotany pollen fruits evolution Cretaceous Tertiary 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven R. Manchester
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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