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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 157, Issue 3–4, pp 121–141 | Cite as

Phyletic and evolutionary relationships ofBrachyscome lineariloba (Compositae)

  • K. Watanabe
  • S. Smith-White
Article

Abstract

A comparison of karyotypes ofBrachyscome breviscapis (2n = 8),B. lineariloba cytodemes E (2n = 10), B (2n = 12) and C (2n = 16) suggests that these species have a homoelogous basic set of four chromosome pairs, two large pairs and two small, and that theB. lineariloba cytodemes E, B and C are related toB. breviscapis by successive additions of small chromosomes. A pronounced asynchrony of chromosome condensation between these large and small chromosomes has been observed. In the artificial hybrids betweenB. dichromosomatica (2n = 4) ×B. breviscapis, and theB. lineariloba cytodemes, theB. dichromosomatica chromosomes are similar in size and condensation behaviour to the small chromosomes ofB. breviscapis and ofB. lineariloba cytodemes E, B and C. Meiotic pairing in these hybrids also demonstrates the strong affinities between these chromosomes. It is suggested thatB. breviscapis may be of amphidiploid origin between a species with two large early condensing chromosome pairs and another,B. dichromosomatica-like species with two small late condensing pairs. It seems most likely that the additional small and late condensing chromosomes inB. lineariloba cytodemes E, B and C are derived from theB. dichromosomatica-like parent, and that each addition increases vigour, fecundity and drought tolerance, allowing these cytodemes to colonize more open and arid environments. Transmission of the univalents in the quasidiploidB. lineariloba cytodeme E was verified as being via the pollen, and not via the embryo sacs.

Key words

Angiosperms Compositae Asteroideae Brachyscome (=Brachycome)lineariloba B. breviscapis Life pattern annual inbreeding ascending dysploidy amphidiploidy karyotype hybridization meiotic pairing Flora of Australia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Watanabe
    • 1
  • S. Smith-White
    • 2
  1. 1.Biological InstituteFaculty of General Education, Kobe UniversityKobeJapan
  2. 2.TurramuraAustralia

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