Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 160, Issue 3–4, pp 153–158 | Cite as

The flavonoids ofBalanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae) from Egypt

  • Salwa A. Maksoud
  • M. N. El Hadidi
Article

Abstract

Six flavonoid glycosides: quercetin 3-glucoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside; 3-glucoside, 3-rutinoside, 3-7-diglucoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside of isorhamnetin were extracted and identified from the leaves and branches of Egyptian material ofBalanites aegyptiaca. Only isorhamnetin: 3-rutinoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside were recorded from the fruits of the same plant.—Phytochemical aspects ofBalanites aegyptiaca and some genera ofZygophylaceae s. l. viz.Nitraria, Fagonia, Zygophyllum, Seetzenia andTribulus support its affinities with that family.

Key words

Angiosperms Zygophyllaceae Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca Chemosystematics quercetin and isorhamnetin glycosides 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salwa A. Maksoud
    • 1
  • M. N. El Hadidi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyFaculty of Science, Cairo UniversityEgypt

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