Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 160, Issue 3–4, pp 153–158 | Cite as

The flavonoids ofBalanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae) from Egypt

  • Salwa A. Maksoud
  • M. N. El Hadidi


Six flavonoid glycosides: quercetin 3-glucoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside; 3-glucoside, 3-rutinoside, 3-7-diglucoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside of isorhamnetin were extracted and identified from the leaves and branches of Egyptian material ofBalanites aegyptiaca. Only isorhamnetin: 3-rutinoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside were recorded from the fruits of the same plant.—Phytochemical aspects ofBalanites aegyptiaca and some genera ofZygophylaceae s. l. viz.Nitraria, Fagonia, Zygophyllum, Seetzenia andTribulus support its affinities with that family.

Key words

Angiosperms Zygophyllaceae Balanitaceae Balanites aegyptiaca Chemosystematics quercetin and isorhamnetin glycosides 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Al Wakeel, S. A. M., El Negoumy, S. I., El Hadidi, M. N., Saleh, N. A. M., 1987: Flavonoid patterns in theFagonia mollis complex. — Biochem. Syst. Ecol.15: 459–460.Google Scholar
  2. Chandler, B. V., Harper, K. A., 1961: Identification of Saccharides in anthocyanin and other flavonoids. — Austral. J. Chem.14: 586–595.Google Scholar
  3. Delile, A. R., 1813: Description de l'Egypte, Histoire naturelle2: 221, t. 28, f. 1. — Paris.Google Scholar
  4. El-Negoumy, S. I., Al Wakeel, S. A. M., El Hadidi, M. N., Saleh, N. A. M., 1986: The flavonoids ofFagonia arabica complex (Zygophyllaceae). — Phytochemistry25: 2423–2424.Google Scholar
  5. Engler, A., 1931:Zygophyllaceae. — InEngler, A., Prantl, K., (Eds.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien19 a, ed. 2. — Leipzig: W. Engelmann.Google Scholar
  6. Harborne, J. B., 1965: Plant polyphenols-XIV characterization of flavonoid glycosides by a acidic and enzymic hydrolysis. — Phytochemistry4: 107–120.Google Scholar
  7. —, 1967: Flavone and flavonone pigments. — In: comparative biochemistry of the flavonoids. — London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  8. Hegnauer, R., 1983: Chemical characters and the classification of theRutales. — InWaterman, P. G., Grundon, M. F., (Eds.): Chemistry and chemical taxonomy of theRutales, pp. 401–440. — London, New York, etc.: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  9. Mabry, T. J., Markham, K. R., Thomas, M. B., 1970: The systematic identification of flavonoids. — New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Maksoud, S. A., El Hadidi, M. N., 1987: The flavonoids ofFagonia bruguieri complex. — Pl. Syst. Evol.155: 311–318.Google Scholar
  11. Markham, K. R., Mabry, T. J., 1975: Ultraviolet-visible and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of flavonoids. — InHarborne, J. B., Mabry, T. J., Mabry, H., (Eds.): The flavonoids, pp. 45–77. — London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  12. Rösler, H., Rösler, U., Mabry, T. J., Kagan, J., 1966: The flavonoid pigments ofOpuntia lindheimeri. — Phytochemistry5: 189.Google Scholar
  13. Sands, M., 1983: Notes onBalanites from the Somali Republic and Ethiopia. — Kew Bull.38: 40–41.Google Scholar
  14. Saleh, N. A. M., El-Hadidi, M. N., 1977: An approach to the chemosystematics of theZygophyllaceae. — Biochem. Syst. Ecol.5: 121–128.Google Scholar
  15. —, —, Ahmed A. A., 1982: The chemosystematics ofTribulaceae. — Biochem. Syst. Ecol.10: 313–317.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salwa A. Maksoud
    • 1
  • M. N. El Hadidi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyFaculty of Science, Cairo UniversityEgypt

Personalised recommendations