Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 97–102 | Cite as

Breeding of apples for a subtropical climate

II. Analysis of twoF2 and nine backcross populations
  • Ch. Oppenheimer
  • E. Slor


A report is given on the third phase of a breeding project to produce apples with low chilling requirements and high fruit quality. The selection within two F2 populations and nine BC populations, with Delicious and Jonathan, is described as to both methods and results. A description is given of three new subtropical apple varieties,Maayan, Michal andShlomit.


Fruit Quality Subtropical Climate High Fruit Chilling Requirement Apple Variety 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Es wird über die 3. Phase eines Züchtungsprojektes zur Erzeugung von Äpfeln mit geringem Kältebedürfnis und guter Fruchtqualität berichtet. Methoden und Ergebnisse der Selektion innerhalb von 2F2-Populationen und 9 Rückkreuzungspopulationen mit ‘Delicious’ und ‘Jonathan’ werden beschrieben und 3 neue subtropische Apfelsorten, ‘Maayan’, ‘Michal’ und ‘Shlomit’, vorgestellt.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ackermann, W. L., andH. P. Winters: Apple Introductions from Warmer Climates. Fruit Var. Hort. Dig.20, 11–17 (1966).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brooks, R. M., andH. P. Olmo: Register of New Fruit and Nut Varieties, List No. 17. Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci.81, 568–596 (1962).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brooks, R. M., andH. P. Olmo: Register of New Fruit and Nut Varieties. List No. 18. Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci.83, 862–882 (1963).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chandler, W. H.: Deciduous Orchards. 3rd ed., p. 436. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger 1967.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grasowsky, A., andJ. Weitz: The Apple. Govt. of Palestine Agric. Leafl. No. 30, p. 34 (1932).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hays, W. B.: Fruit Growing in India. 2nd ed., p. 449. Allahabad: Kitabistan 1953.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Karnatz, A.: Zur Frage der generativen Plase bei Apfelsämlingen I. Erstblüte. Gartenbauwiss.30 (4), 527 bis 540 (1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mazzocchi, G., andE. Pucci: Indagine Preliminare sul Fabbisogno di Diverse Specie Arboree da Frutto in Tripolitania. Ric. Agr. Subtr.57, 37–94 (1963). Cited from Hort. Abstr. No. 2225, 1964.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oppenheimer, Ch.: Fruit Breeding Problems in Israel. Atti del Convegno de Genetica Agraria, Rieti, 1950, pp. 231–235 (1951).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oppenheimer, Ch.: Breeding of Apples for a Subtropical Climate. Proc. XVI Intern. Hort. Congr. 1962, Vol. III, 18–24 (1963).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oppenheimer, Ch.: Breeding of Apples for a Sub tropical Climate. II. Proc. XVII Int. Hort. Congr. 1966, Vol. I, No. 17 (1966).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Overcash, J. P.: Prolonged Dormancy of Apple Varieties in Mississippi. Fruit Var. Hort. Dig.14, 71 (1960). Cited from Hort. Abst. No. 4259, 1962.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Overcash, J. P., andB. C. Murphy: Apple Varieties React Differently to Mild Winters. Miss. Farm. Res.22, (1), 5 (1957). Cited from Hort. Abst. No. 3389, 1959.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Samish, R. M.: Dormancy in Woody Plants. Ann. Rev. Pl. Physiol.5, 183–204 (1954).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schmidt, A., andH. M. E. Herath: Some Aspects of Temperate Zone Fruit Culture in the Highlands of Ceylon. Trop. Agriculturist119, 77–84 (1963).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tydeman, H. M.: The Breeding of Late Flowering Apple Varieties. Rep. E. Malling Res. Sta. for 1957, p. 68–73 (1958).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Visser, T.: On the Inheritance of the Juvenile Period in Apples. Euphytica14, 125–134 (1965).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Visser, I., andA. A. Schaap: Preselection for Juvenile Period, Flowering and Picking Time in Apple Seedlings. Euphytica16, 109–121 (1967).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Weinberger, J. J.: Peaches, Apricots and Almonds. Handbuch der Pflanzenzüchtung Vol. VI, pp. 624–636. Berlin: Paul Parey 1961.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zwintzscher, M.: Der Apfel. Handbuch der Pflanzenzüchtung Vol. VI, pp. 651–695. Berlin: Paul Parey 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ch. Oppenheimer
    • 1
  • E. Slor
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Subtropical HorticultureNational & University Institute of Agriculture, Volcani Institute of Agricultural ResearchBet-Dagan

Personalised recommendations