Origins of life

, Volume 14, Issue 1–4, pp 685–692 | Cite as

The logic of the genetic code: Synonyms and optimality against effects of mutations

  • J. M. Labouygues
  • A. Figureau


The groups of codons which correspond to the same amino-acid in the genetic code (synonyms) are compared to theoretical codes constructed so as to resist best to the effects of mutations. The analysis shows that the genetic code presents synonymy structures which are optimized against translation errors.


Codon Organic Chemistry Geochemistry Genetic Code Translation Error 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Labouygues
    • 1
  • A. Figureau
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut George GamowClermont-FerrandFrance
  2. 2.Institut de Physique NucléaireUniversité Claude BernardVilleurbanne CedexFrance

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