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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 243, Issue 4, pp 207–214 | Cite as

The role of intravascular coagulation in pregnancy related acute renal failure

  • P. Stratta
  • C. Canavese
  • L. Colla
  • M. Dogliani
  • F. Gagliardi
  • T. Todros
  • G. M. Bianchi
  • R. Ragni
  • A. Vercellone
Originals

Summary

Pregnancy-related acute renal failure (ARF) can include reversible tubular necrosis as well as irreversible cortical necrosis. Though pathogenetic mechanism are not fully understood, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) probably plays a primary role. We report 25 cases of pregnancy-related ARF: 13 were associated with preeclampsia or eclampsia and 12 with obstetric complications. The following parameters were studied: partial thromboplastin, prothrombin and thrombin time, fibrinogen, antithrombin III and FDP levels, platelet count, whole blood clot lysis time and area, fragmented red cells (schistocytes) in the blood smear, hemoglobin, aptoglobin and LDH concentrations. DIC was scored in arbitrary units ranging from 12 to 36 and related to the clinical picture, renal outcome and the treatment employed. Five patients had irreversible renal damage, while 19 recovered fully; one patient died and no renal histology was available. The DIC score did not seem to have a significant relation to the severity of renal damage.

Key words

Disseminated intravascular coagulation Acute renal failure Pregnancy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Stratta
    • 1
  • C. Canavese
    • 1
  • L. Colla
    • 1
  • M. Dogliani
    • 1
  • F. Gagliardi
    • 2
  • T. Todros
    • 2
  • G. M. Bianchi
    • 3
  • R. Ragni
    • 1
  • A. Vercellone
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NephrologyUniversity of Torino, S. Giovanni-Molinette HospitalTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of GynecologyUniversity of Torino, S. Giovanni-Molinette HospitalTorinoItaly
  3. 3.Service of AnesthesiologyOspedale di AlessandriaItaly

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