Origins of life

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 317–320 | Cite as

Amino acids derivatives synthesis from nitrogen, carbon and water by electric discharges

  • Y. Yamagata
  • Y. Kusano
  • K. Inomata


Electric discharges between a pair of carbon electrodes were continued for 50 days in a vessel of 5 liters in volume which initially contained nitrogen at a pressure of 15 cm Hg and 200 ml of water. The pressure in the vessel was gradually increased to 60 cm Hg at the end of the run. Gas chromatographic analysis showed that the increase of the pressure mainly results from the production of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The concentration of ammonia in the aqueous sample was increased to 0.05M in 50 days of the discharge. After hydrolysis, glycine and serine were detected at the concentrations of 3.4×10−3M and 0.057×10−3M in the final solution, respectively, though glycine was found only at the concentration of 6×10−6M before hydrolysis. TLC analysis indicated the presence of hydantoic acid, N-formylglycine, diketopiperazine, and polymers of glycine.


Hydrogen Nitrogen Polymer Ammonia Hydrolysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abelson, P. H.: 1956, Carnegic Inst. of Washington Yearbook, 1955–1956, No. 55, p. 171.Google Scholar
  2. Fosker, A. P. and Law, H. D.: 1965,J. Chem. Soc. 4922.Google Scholar
  3. Harada, K. and Suzuki, S.: 1977,Nature 266, 275.Google Scholar
  4. Keosian, J.: 1968,The Origin of Life, 2nd ed., Reinhold, New York, Chap. 4.Google Scholar
  5. Matsuo, S.: 1978, in H. Noda (ed.),Origin of Life, Proc. 2nd ISSOL Meet., Japan Sci. Soc. Press, p. 21.Google Scholar
  6. Miller, S. L.: 1953,Science 117, 528.Google Scholar
  7. Miller, S. L.: 1955,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 2351.Google Scholar
  8. Miller, S. L. and Orgel, L. E.: 1974,The Origin of Life on the Earth, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs.Google Scholar
  9. Rubey, W. W.: 1955,Geol. Soc. Am., Special Paper 62, 631.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Reidel Publishing Co 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Yamagata
    • 1
  • Y. Kusano
    • 1
  • K. Inomata
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

Personalised recommendations