Applied physics

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 159–166 | Cite as

Velocity redistribution by standing waves

  • Stig Stenholm
  • Juha Javanainen
Contributed Papers


This paper considers the modifications of the atomic velocity distribution imposed by a standing wave. The recoil due to induced and spontaneous processes provides an effective force on the particles. We formulate the general problem of a two-level atom in the field of two counter-propagating waves. We derive the rate equation limit for these equations and show how it can be generalized to treat a broad-band source of radiation. The connection with generalized relaxation theory is discussed. The ensuing integral equations are solved numerically for various cases of cooling and heating.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stig Stenholm
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juha Javanainen
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinki 17Finland
  2. 2.Department of Technical PhysicsHelsinki University of TechnologyEspoo 15Finland

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