# Multipoint solution of two-point boundary-value problems

• S. M. Roberts
• J. S. Shipman
Contributed Papers

## Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to report on the application of multipoint methods to the solution of two-point boundary-value problems with special reference to the continuation technique of Roberts and Shipman. The power of the multipoint approach to solve sensitive two-point boundary-value problems with linear and nonlinear ordinary differential equations is exhibited. Practical numerical experience with the method is given.

Since employment of the multipoint method requires some judgment on the part of the user, several important questions are raised and resolved. These include the questions of how many multipoints to select, where to specify the multipoints in the interval, and how to assign initial values to the multipoints.

Three sensitive numerical examples, which cannot be solved by conventional shooting methods, are solved by the multipoint method and continuation. The examples include (1) a system of two linear, ordinary differential equations with a boundary condition at infinity, (2) a system of five nonlinear ordinary differential equations, and (3) a system of four linear ordinary equations, which isstiff.

The principal results are that multipoint methods applied to two-point boundary-value problems (a) permit continuation to be used over a larger interval than the two-point boundary-value technique, (b) permit continuation to be made with larger interval extensions, (c) converge in fewer iterations than the two-point boundary-value methods, and (d) solve problems that two-point boundary-value methods cannot solve.

### Keywords

Boundary Condition Differential Equation Numerical Experience Ordinary Differential Equation Special Reference

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