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Origins of life

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 313–323 | Cite as

Surface solar ultraviolet radiation for paleoatmospheric levels of oxygen and ozone

  • Joel S. Levine
Article

Abstract

Many investigators have concluded that the level of solar ultraviolet radiation (200–300 nm) reaching the surface was a key parameter in the origin and evolution of life on Earth. The level of solar ultraviolet radiation between 200 and 300 nm is controlled primarily by molecular absorption by ozone, whose presence is trongly coupled to the level of molecular oxygen. In this paper, we present a series of calculations of the solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the surface for oxygen levels ranging from 10−4 present atmospheric level to the present level. The solar spectrum between 200 and 300 mn has been divided into 34 spectral intervals. For each spectral interval, we have calculated the solar ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface by considering the attenuation of the incoming beam due to ozone and oxygen absorption. A one-dimensional photochemical model of the atmosphere was used for these calculations.

Keywords

Oxygen Atmosphere Attenuation Organic Chemistry Ozone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel S. Levine
    • 1
  1. 1.Atmospheric Environmental Sciences DivisionNASA Langley Research CenterHamptonUSA

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