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Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 148, Issue 2, pp 183–189 | Cite as

Antioxidant activity of allicin, an active principle in garlic

  • Kailash Prasad
  • Victor A. Laxdal
  • Ming Yu
  • Barbara L. Raney
Article

Abstract

Garlic has been claimed to be effective against diseases, in the pathophysiology of which oxygen free radicals (OFRs) have been implicated. Effectiveness of garlic could be due to its ability to scavenge OFRs. However, its antioxidant activity is not known. We investigated the ability of allicin (active ingredient of garlic) contained in the commercial preparation Garlicin to scavenge hydroxyl radicals (·OH) using high pressure liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. ·OH was generated by photolysis of H2O2 (1.25–10 μmoles/ml) with ultraviolet light and was trapped with salicylic acid which is hydroxylated to produce ·OH adduct products 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA). H2O2 produced a concentration-dependent ·OH as estimated by ·OH adduct products 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA. Allicin equivalent in Garlicin (1.8, 3.6, 7.2, 14.4, 21.6, 28.8 and 36 μg) produced concentration-dependent decreases in the formation of 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA. The inhibition of formation of 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA with 1.8 μg/ml was 32.36% and 43.2% respectively while with 36.0 μg/ml the inhibition was approximately 94.0% and 90.0% respectively. The decrease in ·OH adduct products was due to scavenging of ·OH and not by scavenging of formed ·OH adduct products. Allicin prevented the lipid peroxidation of liver homogenate in a concentration-dependent manner. These results suggest that allicin scavenges ·OH and Garlicin has antioxidant activity.

Key Words

allicin garlicin hydroxyl radical 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid antioxidant 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kailash Prasad
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Victor A. Laxdal
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ming Yu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Barbara L. Raney
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Physiology, College of MedicineUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, College of MedicineUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  3. 3.Royal University HospitalSaskatoonCanada

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