Trypanosoma cruzi: Surface antigenic determinants
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A fraction (FAd) capable of inhibiting specific agglutination reactions of anti-epimastigote sera (anti-LE) was obtained by extracting the sediment of lyophilized epimastigote lysates (LE) with 0.05 M phosphate buffered saline, at 37° C for 1 h. These conditions favored the action of parasite proteinase whose presence was detected by tandemcrossed immunoelectrophoresis experiments. As expected from the proteinase properties, the addition of 2-mercaptoethanol or sodium iodoacetate to the extracting solution resulted, respectively, in either increased or decreased amounts of protein in the resulting FAd.
FAd components could be precipitated by the addition of Concanavalin A, methylated albumins or 0.1 N HCl. This fraction presented a single component when subjected to electrophoresis in 1% agarose gel with an electrophoretic mobility 1.2 times higher than that of human albumin. FAd component(s) were unable to penetrate 15% polycrylamide gel matrix unless 1% SDS was used. Under this condition four glycopeptide components, with Rm of 0.5, 0.55, 0.6 and 0.86, were detected.
The antigenic determinants present in FAd resisted heating at 100° C for 30 min and the prolonged action of pronase. However, these determinants were completely destroyed by the action of 25 mM sodium periodate, thus suggesting polysaccharide characteristics.
Immunization of rabbits with FAd induced the production of antibodies that were unable to precipitate with either FAd or with parasite proteinase. These antibodies exhibited positive agglutination reactions with epimastigote forms and positive immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase reactions with trypomastigote and amastigote forms of the different strains tested. FAd was able to inhibit these reactions as well as those obtained with anti-LE and anti-FA immune sera, whereas purified proteinase was unable to inhibit any of these reactions.
KeywordsGlycopeptide Periodate Concanavalin Trypanosoma Antigenic Determinant
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