Origins of life

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 333–337 | Cite as

AMP synthesis in aqueous solution of adenosine and phosphorus pentoxide

  • Y. Yamagata
  • H. Kojima
  • K. Ejiri
  • K. Inomata


Possible formation of a P4O10 molecule in magma, the stability of the molecule in hydrous volcanic gas at high temperatures and a possible prebiotic phosphate cycle were discussed in relation to chemical evolution. To demonstrate the utility of phosphorus pentoxide as a phosphorylating agent, aqueous solutions of adenosine (0.02M) and phosphorus pentoxide (0.2M) were incubated at 37°C for 5 months. The pH of the solutions was adjusted every day or every few days to each fixed value (9.0, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5) with 10 N NaOH. The HPLC analysis showed the formation of 2′-AMP, 3′-AMP, 5′-AMP, cyclic (2′–3′)-AMP and cyclic (3′–5′)-AMP. The main components of the products were 2′- and 3′-AMP, though cyclic (2′–3′)-AMP was the main component in the early period of the incubation at pH 9.0. The yields (conversion rate of adenosine to AMPs) were increased almost linearly with the incubation time for 5 months in the case of pH 9.0. The final yields were about 3% (pH 9.0), 6% (pH 9.0, 1 M NaCl), 5% (pH 9.0, 0.01 M CaCl2, 0.01 M MgCl2), 7% (pH 9.0, 0.5 M NaCl, 0.01 M CaCl2, 0.01 M MgCl2), 9% (pH 9.0, 1 M NaCl, 0.01 M CaCl2, 0.01 M MgCl2), 32% (pH 10.5), 43% (pH 11.5), 35% (pH 12.5).


Aqueous Solution HPLC Adenosine Geochemistry MgCl2 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Yamagata
    • 1
  • H. Kojima
    • 1
  • K. Ejiri
    • 1
  • K. Inomata
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

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