Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 129, Issue 2, pp 195–200 | Cite as

Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-alpha by thalidomide in magnesium deficiency

  • William B. Weglicki
  • Richard E. Stafford
  • Benjamin F. Dickens
  • I. Tong Mak
  • Marie M. Cassidy
  • Terry M. Phillips


The effect of thalidomide on circulating cytokines and myocardial lesion formation was investigated in Mg-deficient rats. After two weeks on a Mg-deficient diet, rats show an increase in circulating levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin 1. Thalidomide (1 mg/day) caused a complete inhibition of the increase in circulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels, without having an effect on interleukin 1. However, a marked increase in cardiomyopathic lesion formation was observed in Mg-deficient animals treated with thalidomide; possible mechanisms for thalidomide's enhancement of myocardial injury are discussed. (Mol Cell Biochem129: 195–200, 1993)

Key words

magnesium-deficiency rats tumor necrosis factor thalidomide interleukin-1 myocardial necrosis 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • William B. Weglicki
    • 1
    • 2
  • Richard E. Stafford
    • 1
  • Benjamin F. Dickens
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Tong Mak
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marie M. Cassidy
    • 2
  • Terry M. Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineGeorge Washington University Medical CenterWashington DCUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyGeorge Washington University Medical CenterWashington DCUSA

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