Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 120, Issue 1, pp 15–23 | Cite as

Photoreactive fatty acid analogues that bind to the rat liver fatty-acid binding protein: 11-(5′-azido-salicylamido)-undecanoic acid derivatives

  • Fabián Atlasovich
  • José A. Santomé
  • Horacio N. Fernández
Article

Summary

Photoreactive probes for the hydrophobic pocket of the liver fatty acid-binding protein, 11-(5′-azido-salicylamido)-undecanoic acid (5′ ASU) and its acetyl ester (Ac5′ ASU), were synthesized and their interaction with the protein was assessed. Fatty acid-binding proteins are closely related proteins which are abundantly expressed in tissues with active lipid metabolism. A simple model that assumes that the protein possesses a single kind of sites fitted the binding of radioiodinated 5′ ASU to L-FABP satisfactorily. The apparent dissociation constant, 1.34×10−7 M, evidenced a slightly higher affinity than that reported for C16−C20 fatty acids. Consistent with the binding curve, 5′ ASU effectively competed with palmitic acid for the hydrophobic sites and the effect was nearly complete for concentrations of 1 gmM; oleic acid, in turn, displaced the radiolabelled probe. Irradiation at 366 nm of125I-5′ ASU bound to L-FABP caused the covalent cross-linking of the reagent. The amount of radioactivity covalently bound reached a maximum after 2 min thus agreeing with the photo-activation kinetics of the unlabelled compound that evidenced a t1/2 of 31.1 sec. The yield with which probes bound to L-FABP became covalently linked to the protein, appraised after SDS-PAGE of irradiated samples, was estimated as 23 and 26 per cent for 5′ ASU and Ac5′ ASU respectively. In turn, irradiation of L-FABP incubated with 5′ASU or Ac5′ ASU resulted in the irreversible loss of about one fourth its ability to bind palmitic acid. Both results, taken together, suggested that the derivatives are linked to the protein through the sites for fatty acids. When cross-linking of125I-5′ ASU was performed after incubation with delipidated cytosol and products were analyzed by SDS-PAGE, a band was visualized in a position similar to that of purified L-FABP.

Key words

fatty acid liver fatty acid-binding protein photoactivatable fatty acid cross-linking 

Abbreviations

FABP

Fatty Acid-Binding Protein

L-FABP

Hepatic FABP

I-FABP

Intestinal FABP

C-FABP

Cardiac FABP

5′ ASU-11

(5′-azido-salicylamido)-undecanoic acid

Ac5′ ASU-11

(O-acetyl-5′-azido-salicylamido)-undecanoic acid

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabián Atlasovich
    • 1
  • José A. Santomé
    • 1
  • Horacio N. Fernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Farmacia y BioquímicaInstituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas (UBA-CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina

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