Chlorolysis of 1,2-dithiolan-3-ones,1,2-dithiol-4-en-3-ones, and acetyl alkyl disulfides
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The direction of the chlorolysis of acyl alkyl disulfides depends on the character of the alkyl radical, and can go with a cleavage of the S-S bond, the S-CO bond, or with a simultaneous cleavage of both bonds. The probability of cleaving the S-CO bond increases with increase in the electronegativity of the alkyl radical.
The chlorolysis of 1,2-dithiolan-3-ones and 1,2-dithiol-4-en-3-ones by SO2Cl2 goes in an unambiguous manner, with a cleavage of the S-CO bond and the formation of heat stable acid chlorides ofβ-(chlorodisulfenyl)carboxylic acids.
The presence of electron-withdrawing substituents in both cyclic and open acyl alkyl disulfides hinders the chlorolysis.
KeywordsChloride Disulfide Carboxylic Acid Acetyl Alkyl Radical
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