Journal of Clinical Immunology

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 152–160 | Cite as

Defective T-cell differentiation in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

  • Elinor M. Levy
  • John C. Beldekas
  • Kenneth H. Mayer
  • Paul H. Black
Original Articles

Abstract

A decline in T-cell lymphocyte number is the central characteristic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The reason for the loss of these cells is not well understood. We investigated the hypothesis that defects in T-cell differentiation contributed to T-cell loss using anin vitro colony assay that measures T-cell precursor (CFU-T) frequency. The results indicate a substantial generalized decrease in CFU-T in people with AIDS (P<0.01), most of whom have Kaposi's sarcoma, and an occasionally severe decrease in CFU-T in people with ARC. Some of the cells from low colony formers suppressed colony formation by control cells. In addition, plasma from people with AIDS was less supportive of colony growth than control plasma. Decreased Ia expression on adherent mononuclear cells did not correlate with colony formation. A defect in T-cell repopulation can help explain the loss of T cells associated with AIDS.

Key words

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) differentiation T-cell precursor (CFU-T) T cells 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elinor M. Levy
    • 1
  • John C. Beldekas
    • 1
  • Kenneth H. Mayer
    • 1
  • Paul H. Black
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyBoston University School of Medicine, and Fenway Community Health CenterBoston

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