Catalytic synthesis of nitriles Communication 1. “Nitrilation” of butyl alcohol with ammonia in presence of nickel-alumina catalysts

  • M. A. Popov
  • N. I. Shuikin
Article
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Summary

  1. 1.

    An investigation was made of the “nittilation” of butyl alcohol with ammonia in presence of various samples of nickel-alumina catalyst at 240–400° under atmospheric pressure.

     
  2. 2.

    The most effective catalyst for the nitrilation of butyl alcohol consisted of 3% of reduced nickel supported by active alumina. At 300° in presence of this catalyst the yield of butyronitrile was 81.5%.

     
  3. 3.

    Under similar conditions in presence of a cobalt-nickel (on active charcoal) catalyst 1-hexene gave only 3.8–6.7% of the corresponding nitrile.

     

Keywords

Alcohol Alumina Ammonia Nickel Nitrile 

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Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau Inc. 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Popov
    • 1
  • N. I. Shuikin
    • 1
  1. 1.N. D. Zelinskii Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSRUSSR

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