Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 217–229 | Cite as

Conners' Teacher Rating Scale for use in drug studies with children — An empirical study

  • John S. Werry
  • Robert L. Sprague
  • Miye N. Cohen


Their classroom teachers rated 291 schoolchildren, grades kindergarten through 6, on Conners' Teacher Rating Scale, developed for and used widely in drug studies in children. Scores were found to be significantly lower than those reported for a similar group of 92 New York children and considerably less than those of a group of 64 children receiving medication for deviant behavior. Boys generally had higher scores for acting-out-type behavior while girls scored higher on neuroticism. The factor structure in this sample showed some differences from that in Conners' original analysis but they are insufficient for any change in the widely accepted scoring system, except perhaps to add a fifth factor of sociability.


Empirical Study Factor Structure Drug Study Teacher Rate Classroom Teacher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Conners, C. K. A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1969,126, 884–888.Google Scholar
  2. Conners, C. K. Symptom patterns in hyperkinetic, neurotic, and normal children.Child Development, 1970,41, 667–682.Google Scholar
  3. Conners, C. K. Pharmacotherapy of psychopathology in children. In H. C. Quay & J. S. Werry (Eds.),Psychopathological disorders of childhood. New York: Wiley, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. Conners, C. K. Rating scales for use in drug studies with children.Psychopharmacology Bulletin (Special Issue — Pharmacotherapy with children), 1973, 24–84.Google Scholar
  5. Eisenberg, L., & Conners, C. K. Psychopharmacology in childhood. In N. B. Talbot, J. Kagen, & L. Eisenberg (Eds.),Behavioral science and pediatric medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. Gallagher, C. E.Federal involvement in the use of behavior modification drugs on grammar school children of the right to privacy inquiry. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1970.Google Scholar
  7. Kupietz, S., Bialer, I., & Winsberg, B. A behavior rating scale for assessing improvement in behaviorally deviant children: A preliminary investigation.American Journal of Psychiatry, 1972,128, 1432–1436.Google Scholar
  8. Psychopharmacology Bulletin (Special Issue — Pharmacotherapy with children), 1973.Google Scholar
  9. Quay, H. C. Patterns of aggression, withdrawal and immaturity. In H. C. Quay & J. S. Werry (Eds.),Psychopathological disorders of childhood. New York: Wiley, 1972.Google Scholar
  10. Sprague, R. L., Christensen, D. E., & Werry, J. S. Experimental psychology and stimulant drugs. In C. K. Conners (Ed.),Clinical use of stimulant drugs in children. The Hague: Excerpta Medica, 1974.Google Scholar
  11. Sprague, R. L., & Sleator, E. K. Effects of psychopharmacological agents on learning disorders.Pediatrie Clinics of North America, 1973,20, 719–735.Google Scholar
  12. Sprague, R. L., & Werry, J. S. Methodology of psychopharmacological studies with the retarded. In N. R. Ellis (Ed.),International review of research in mental retardation (Vol. 5). New York: Academic Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  13. Sprague, R. L., & Werry, J. S. Psychotropic drugs and handicapped children. In L. Mann & D. A. Sabatino (Eds.),The second review of special education. Philadelphia: JSE Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  14. Werry, J. S. & Hawthorne, D. Conners' Teacher Questionnaire — Norms and factor structure. Unpublished manuscript, 1975.Google Scholar
  15. Werry, J. S., & Sprague, R. L. Psychopharmacology. In J. Wortis (Ed.),Mental retardation (Vol. 4). New York: Grune & Stratton, 1972.Google Scholar
  16. Werry, J. S., & Sprague, R. L. Methylphenidate in children — effect of dosage.Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 1974,8, 9–19.Google Scholar
  17. Werry, J. S., Sprague, R. L., Weiss, G., & Minde, K. Some clinical and laboratory studies of psychotropic drugs in children: An overview. In W. L. Smith (Ed.),Drugs and cerebral function. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Werry
    • 1
  • Robert L. Sprague
    • 2
  • Miye N. Cohen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Auckland, School of MedicineP. B., AucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.University of IllinoisUSA

Personalised recommendations