Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 287–295 | Cite as

The relationship of children's attitudes toward alcohol to their value development

  • Richard L. Gorsuch
  • David H. Arno
Article

Abstract

Developmentally, attitudes toward casual alcohol use and toward the abuse of alcohol should be related to the development of value content and value structure. Two studies were conducted that found this to be generally so with upper elementary schoolchildren. A negative attitude toward the abuse of alcohol was definitely related to general measures of the intemalization of those values necessary to be a part of any group as well as the rejection of acts generally considered to be deviant in our culture. Attitudes toward casual use of alcohol were also somewhat related, but not as strongly. However, alcohol attitudes were unrelated to stage of moral development or other measures of thinking processes. Some shifts across age and sex were also noted. Programs oriented toward the prevention of alcohol abuse may need to communicate the value norms of our society and can proceed without impacting attitudes toward casual alcohol use.

Keywords

Alcohol Alcohol Abuse Negative Attitude General Measure Moral Development 

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Reference notes

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    Gorsuch, R. L., Arno, D. H., & Batchelder, R. L.Summary of research and evaluation (The Youth Value Project, A Joint Venture of the Akron YMCA and the National Board of YMCAs 1973–1976). Fort Worth: Institute of Behavioral Research, 1975.Google Scholar
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    Arbitman-Smith, R., Gorsuch, R. L., & Osborne, P.Race and social class differences in children's value norms. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
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    Carney, R. E.Summary of results from 1969–1972 values oriented drug abuse prevention programs. Santa Monica: Educational Assistance Institute, 1972.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. Gorsuch
    • 1
  • David H. Arno
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Social Work and Psychology DepartmentUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentTexas Christian UniversityUSA

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