Filmed treatment as an effective fear-reduction technique
- 27 Downloads
The present study attempted to determine whether age and sex of a film model would differentially affect fear reduction in the viewing children. The experiment also tested the reactions of Ss to films using real feared objects versus films of simulated objects. Twenty-five fourth- and fifth-grade males who were fearful of snakes were shown a treatment film for a total of 10 minutes. Pretreatment and posttreatment tests included asking Ss to approach and handle a live 4-ft. boa constrictor. Results indicated that models' age and sex characteristics did not influence their effectiveness as behavior-change agents. It was found that the use of the real feared object in the treatment film was a more effective fear reducer than was a replica of the object.
KeywordsPosttreatment Test Film Model Simulated Object Treatment Film Fear Reducer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bandura, A.Principles of behavior modification, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1969.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. Psychotherapy based on modeling. In A. E. Bergin & S. Garfield (Eds.),Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change. New York: Wiley, 1971.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A., Grusec, J., & Menlove, F. Vicarious extinction of avoidance behavior.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1967,5, 16–23.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A., & Menlove, F. Factors determining vicarious extinction of avoidance behavior through symbolic modeling.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1968,8, 99–108.Google Scholar
- Bryan, J. H., & Schwartz, T. Effects of film material upon children's behavior.Psychological Bulletin, 1971,75, 50–59.Google Scholar
- Lynn, D. B.Parental and sex role identification. Berkeley: McCutchan Publ. Co., 1969.Google Scholar
- O'Connor, R. D. Modification of social withdrawal through symbolic modeling.Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 1969,5, 15–23.Google Scholar
- O'Connor, R. D. Stimulus contiguity/mediational modeling theroy: Application and outcome. Paper presented at a symposium, Determinants of imitation in children: Social learning and control processes, at Meetings of Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, April 1971.Google Scholar