, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 181–191 | Cite as

Effect of dimethyl sulfoxide on the in vitro and in vivo bactericidal activity of human and mouse neutrophils and mononuclear phagocytes

  • Charles J. Czuprynski
  • Peter M. Henson
  • Priscilla A. Campbell
Original Articles


Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is reported to have antiinflammatory activity in various systems. Since resistance to bacterial infection can be thought of as a specialized type of inflamation, we were interested in determining the effect of DMSO on phagocyte bactericidal activity. The results indicated that in vitro DMSO treatment of human and mouse neutrophils and mononuclear phagocytes caused a dose-dependent inhibition of the killing ofEscherichia coli andListeria monocytogenes. However, pretreatment of mice with DMSO in vivo caused only a slight decrease in the subsequent in vitro bactericidal activity of neutrophils and macrophages from those mice. In addition, repeated injection of mice with a physiologically relevant dosage of DMSO did not enhance the lethality of eitherE. coli orL. monocytogenes, nor did it affect the clearance of a sublethalListeria challenge from the spleen and liver. These results suggest that clinical usage of DMSO should not predispose human subjects to bacterial infection.


Public Health Internal Medicine DMSO Dimethyl Bactericidal Activity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles J. Czuprynski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter M. Henson
    • 2
    • 4
  • Priscilla A. Campbell
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MedicineNational Jewish Hospital and Research CenterDenver
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsNational Jewish Hospital and Research CenterDenver
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDenver
  4. 4.Department of PathologyUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDenver

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