Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 379–386 | Cite as

Overt and fantasized aggression toward parents by enuretic and nonenuretic children

  • Yona Teichman
  • Nurit Granot


This study compared the amount and direction of overt and fantasized aggression of enuretic and nonenuretic children. Following the dynamic approach, it was hypothesized that enuretic children would differ from nonenuretics in having more difficulty in expressing overt aggression toward their mothers than toward a neutral figure. In fantasy, enuretic children were expected to express more aggression feelings toward their parents than control subjects. Twenty-eight enuretic subjects and a matched group of control subjects were induced to aggress toward their mothers and toward a neutral figure. The experimental situation was a variation of the Buss (1961) technique for eliciting and measuring aggression. Aggressive fantasies were assessed, using Bene and Anthony's Family Relation Test (1957). A significant interaction was obtained between enuresis/nonenuresis and target figures. Enuretic subjects expressed more aggression toward a neutral figure than toward the mother (p=.05) and differed from the control group in expressing less aggression toward the mother (p=.10). On the fantasy level, a significantly opposite trend to the predicted one emerged: Enuretic subjects showed less aggression toward both parents. The results were discussed with respect to the dynamic and the behavioristic approach to enuresis, and further research directions were suggested.


Control Subject Significant Interaction Research Direction Opposite Trend Experimental Situation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bene, E., & Anthony J.,Manual for the Family Relation Test. The Mere, Upton Park, Slough, Bucks.: National Foundation for Educational Research in England and Wales, 1957.Google Scholar
  2. Buss, A. H.The psychology of aggression. New York: Wiley, 1961.Google Scholar
  3. Campbell, M. F. A clinical study of persistent enuresis.New York State Journal of Medicine, 1934,34, 190.Google Scholar
  4. Cramer, J. B. Common neuroses of childhood. In S. Ariety (Ed.),American handbook of psychiatry. New York: Basic Books, 1959.Google Scholar
  5. Deluca, J. Psychosexual conflict in adolescent enuresis.Journal of Psychology, 1968,68, 145–149.Google Scholar
  6. Despert, J. L. Urinary control and enuresis.Psychosomatic Medicine, 1944,6, 294–307.Google Scholar
  7. Fenichel, O.The psychoanalytic study of neurosis. New York: W. W. Norton, 1946.Google Scholar
  8. Frenkel, J. J.Manual for the Family Relation Test (Hebrew edition). Ramat-Gan, Israel: Bar-Ilan University, 1968.Google Scholar
  9. Freud, S.Three contributions to the theory of sex. New York: New York Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Co., 1916.Google Scholar
  10. Gerard, M. W. A study of etiology.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1939,9, 49–58.Google Scholar
  11. Katan, A. Experiences with enuretics.The psychoanalytic study of the child, 1946,II, 241–257.Google Scholar
  12. Kessler, J. W.Psychopathology of childhood. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1966.Google Scholar
  13. Lovibond, S. H.Conditioning and enuresis. New York: Macmillan, 1964.Google Scholar
  14. Michaels, J. J. Enuresis: A method for its study and treatment; Mowrer, O. H, & Mowrer, W. M. A critique.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1939,9, 629–635.Google Scholar
  15. Mowrer, O. H. Enuresis — A method for its study and treatment.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1938,VIII, 436–459.Google Scholar
  16. Mowrer, O. H. Apparatus to the study and treatment of enuresis.American Journal of Psychology, 1938,51, 163–166.Google Scholar
  17. Mowrer, O. H.Learning theory and personality dynamics. Selected Papers. New York: Ronald Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  18. Sears, R. R., Maccoby, E. E., & Levin, H.Patterns of child rearing. New York: Harper & Row, 1957.Google Scholar
  19. Sperling, M. Dynamics consideration and treatment of enuresis.The American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1965,4, 19–31.Google Scholar
  20. Wiesenhutter, E. Bettnaessen.Zeitschrift fuer Klinische Psychotherapie, 1954,2, 205–213.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yona Teichman
    • 1
  • Nurit Granot
    • 1
  1. 1.Tel-Aviv UniversityIsrael

Personalised recommendations