A study of pulsations in a plasmatron with a self-stabilizing ARC

  • A. S. An'shakov
  • G. Yu. Dautov
  • G. M. Mustafin
  • A. P. Petrov


Shunting is one of the basic processes which determine the properties of the arc and heated gas stream in a vortex plasmatron. Much attention has, therefore, been given recently to the character of the shunting mechanism and of the associated pulsations. The relationship between fluctuations of the flux brightness at the plasmatron outlet and the arc voltage is described in [1]. Paper [2] contains data on the effect of gas consumption and current on shunting frequency; it also shows the possibility of coexistence of several anode spots in an argon arc. The authors of [3] investigated the effect of electrode channel and electrode material polarities on arc voltage pulsations. In the present study we obtain voltage, current, and brightness distribution functions and reproduce oscillograms of these quantities and also of the current through the anode cross sections. We use various methods to prove the coexistence of several anode spots and discuss the effect of the intrinsic magnetic field of the arc on its behavior.


Vortex Argon Industrial Mathematic Electrode Material Voltage Pulsation 
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I, U

time-average values of the arc current and voltage


time-average current through the n-th anode cross section


instantaneous value of the variable component of the current through the n-th anode cross section


time-average current per unit length of the anode

It, Ut, Bt

instantaneous values of the variable components of the current, voltage, and jet brightness

Is, Us, bs

instantaneous values of the current, voltage, and jet brightness


voltage, current, and jet brightness distribution functions


gas consumption (flow rate) through the arc chamber


inside diameter of the anode




coordinate along the arc chamber axis (whose origin lies at the cathode end face)


time-average frequency of visitation of a unit anode length by an arc spot


time-average frequency of visitation of the n-th anode cross section by an arc spot

i, v

distribution functions of the quantities Iz andvz over the length of the anode

z0i, z0v

values of z corresponding to the maxima of i andv


current density in the arc column


intensity of the magnetic self-field of the arc


cross-sectional area of the arc column


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  1. 1.
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Copyright information

© The Faraday Press, Inc. 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. An'shakov
    • 1
  • G. Yu. Dautov
    • 1
  • G. M. Mustafin
    • 1
  • A. P. Petrov
    • 1
  1. 1.Novosibirsk

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