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Was the eclipse comet of 1893 a disconnected coronal mass ejection?

Abstract

A re-evaluation of observations of the 16 April, 1893 solar eclipse suggests that the ‘comet’ photographed during totality was, in fact, a disconnected coronal mass ejection. Like the disconnection event in 1980 reported by Illing and Hundhausen, the outward speed of the convex (toward the Sun) surface for the 1893 event was relatively low (∼90 km s−1). Candidate disconnection events were also observed during solar eclipses in 1860 and 1980.

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Cliver, E.W. Was the eclipse comet of 1893 a disconnected coronal mass ejection?. Sol Phys 122, 319–333 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00912999

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Keywords

  • Coronal Mass Ejection
  • Solar Eclipse
  • Disconnection Event
  • Outward Speed