The electric field in a circular semiconductor plate placed in a magnetic field

  • P. I. Baranskii
  • Yu. P. Emets
Article
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

The current distribution in an isothermic isotropically conducting plate of circular form is investigated theoretically and experimentally, in the absence and in the presence of an external magnetic field that is perpendicular to the plate. The general solution of the Riemann-Hilbert boundary value problem has been obtained under these conditions. The analysis of this solution points to experimental possibilities of determining parameters of a crystal under consideration such as the specific electric conductivity (in the absence and in the presence of an external magnetic field), the mobility of current carriers in it, and others.

All the basic results of the calculations undertaken were experimentally verified and quantitatively confirmed in a series of tests carried out on homogeneous monocrystalline n-germanium (with the specific resistivity of 1.1 ohm cm) at room temperature.

It is known that investigations into the galvanomagnetic phenomena (longitudinal and transverse magneto-resistance, the usual, planar and longitudinal Hall effects and others) at the present time constitute not only a means of determining the characteristics of the parameters of the crystals in question (concentration of current carriers, their mobility, etc.) [1], but serve also as a proven and simple means of obtaining important information about the zone structure of crystals [2–5].

Such broadening of the circle of problems affecting the sphere of galvanomagnetic investigations already begins not to correspond to the established traditions of carrying out these investigations on test pieces of rectangular shape (as a rule, in the form of parallelepipeds). This lack of correspondence is greater due to a number of completely logical causes, certain requirements as to the geometrical dimensions of such test pieces (the ratio of length to width) [6] can far from always be satisfied. We note in this connection that in the study of galvanomagnetic phenomena in impulsive magnetic fields, for example, the use of test pieces of circular form would simplify the use of working volumes of small diameter. This, in the final analysis, is equivalent to broadening the scale of magnetic fields that can be used. The replacement of a rectangular plate by a circular disc enables us also to simplify a measurement of the parameters of semiconductor crystals which usually are obtained in circular form.

Below we present theoretical and experimental investigations into the problem of measuring the galvanomagnetic effects in conducting crystals having a circular form.

Keywords

Magnetic Field External Magnetic Field Rectangular Plate Test Piece Circular Disc 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. F. Ioffe, The Physics of Semiconductors [in Russian], Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1957.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Seitz, “Note on the theory of resistance of a cubic semiconductor in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev., vol. 79, no. 2, 1950.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. I. Baranskii and P. M. Kurilo, “Investigation of the symmetry properties of isoenergic surfaces in n-germanium by means of Hall effect measurements,” Fiz. tverd. tela, vol. 6, no. 1, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. I. Baranskii, I. V. Dakhovskii, and P. M. Kurilo, “The anisotropy of the Hall coefficients of n-silicon in the region of intermediate magnetic fields,” Fiz. tverd. tela, vol. 6, no. 7, 1964.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. I. Baranskii, I. V. Dakhovskii, and P. M. Kurilo, “The concentration relationship of anisotropy of the Hall coefficients in n-germanium,” Fiz. tverd. tela, vol. 6, no. 10, 1964.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Isenberg, B. R. Russell, and R. F. Green, “Improved method for measuring Hall coefficients,” Rev. Sci. Instr., vol. 19, no. 10, 1948.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. C. Beer, Galvanomagnetic Effects in Semiconductors, Academic Press, New York and London, 1963.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. I. Muskhelishvili, Singular Integral Equations [in Russian], Fizmatgiz, 1962.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. D. Gakhov, Boundary Value Problems [in Russian], Fizmatgiz, 1963.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. I. Ansel'm, Introduction to the Theory of Semiconductors [in Russian], Fizmatgiz, 1962.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. V. Keldysh and L. I. Sedov, “Effective solution of certain boundary value problems for harmonic functions,” Dokl. AN SSSR, vol. 16, no. 1, 1937.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. V. Kantorovich, “On the approximate calculation of certain types of definite integrals, and other applications of the method of excluding singularities,” Matem. sb., vol. 41, no. 2, 1934.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. F. Wick, “Solution of the field problem of the germanium generator,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 25, no. 6, 1954.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. J. Lippmann and F. Kuhrt, “Der Geometrie-Einfluss auf den transversalen magnetischen Widerstandseffekt bei rechteckformigen Halbleiterplatten,” Z. Naturforsch., B. 13, 462–474, 1958.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. J. Van der Pauw, “A method of measuring specific resistivity and Hall effect of disks of arbitrary shape,” Philips Res. Repts, vol. 13, no. 1, 1958.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Faraday Press, Inc. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. I. Baranskii
    • 1
  • Yu. P. Emets
    • 1
  1. 1.Kiev

Personalised recommendations