Evaluation of geochemical data acquired from regular grids
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Geochemical data obtained during mineral exploration often are biased by systematic as well as random errors; these may result in failures when usual methods of evaluation are used. This is true particularly in soil surveys carried out in regions where a long history of prospecting and mining activity has occurred and/or where aerial chemical pollution is likely to have occurred.
A satisfactory evaluation of geochemical data even in such an unfavorable case requires sampling on a relatively dense grid and utilization of all available knowledge of types of mineralization. The evaluation procedure proposed consists of five consecutive phases: (1). Dividing the area of interest into subareas of a relatively homogeneous geological nature. (2). Processing by multivariate methods (factor analysis, in particular) without consideration of geographic relations. (3). A preliminary interpretation and search for a geochemical explanation of factors. (4). Processing of individual factors in two-dimensional geographic space by directional and frequency linear filtering methods. (5). Final interpretation and construction of a geochemical model. The procedure is illustrated by an example from a geochemical exploration survey in the vicinity of Příbram (Middle Bohemia).
Key wordsmultivariate analysis linear filtering Fourier transform soil survey geochemical exploration methods
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