Human Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 187–212 | Cite as

Hunting in lowland, tropical rain forest: Towards a model of non-agricultural subsistence

  • Peter D. Dwyer
  • Monica Minnegal


It has recently been argued that hunter-gatherers do not, did not, and could not live in tropical rain forest without some access to agricultural produce. This opinion challenges models of past non-agricultural subsistence patterns that are based in analogies derived from modern rain forest dwelling groups. In this paper, the socio-ecological bases of the hunting system of the Kubo people of lowland Papua New Guinea are described. It is argued that this system lacks necessary dependence upon the agricultural system with which it co-occurs and, in fact, can be connected with a system of carbohydrate procurement that is not agricultural. The hypothesized connection provides the basis of a model of non-agricultural subsistence in lowland tropical rain forest.


rain forest sago sharing subsistence agriculture Kubo Papua New Guinea 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter D. Dwyer
    • 1
  • Monica Minnegal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Anthropology and SociologyUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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