Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 209–231 | Cite as

A theory of behavior interaction in dyads: A structuralist account

  • Hans Westmeyer
  • Friedhelm Eller
  • Katharina Winkelmann
  • Verena Nell
Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

A theory from the behavioral and social sciences is presented from the structuralist point of view. A more comprehensive theory-net is outlined, some basic terms and core assumptions are formulated, and an expansion of the theory towards two intended applications is given. Finally, some results of a first empirical test of the theory are reported. The aim of the paper is to show that the structuralist account of scientific theories is not confined to mathematical theories from the natural sciences, but can also be applied to relatively informal constructions of the behavioral and social sciences.

Key words

Structuralist view Behavior-theoretic net Social interaction Systematic observation Single-case analysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Groeben, N. and Westmeyer, H.,Kriterien psychologischer Forschung, Juventa, München, 1975.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Honig, W. K. (ed.),Operant Behavior, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Honig, W. K. and Staddon, J. E. R. (eds.)Handbook of Operant Behavior, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Kraiker, C., ‘Zum Problem von Theorien und ihrer Anwendung in der Psychologie’, in P. Gottwald and C. Kraiker (eds.),Zum Verhältnis von Theorie und Praxis in der Psychologie, GVT, München, 1976.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Kraiker, C., ‘Behavioural analysis and the structural view of scientific theories’,Behavioural Analysis and Modification 1, (1977) 203–213.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Kraiker, C.,Psychoanalyse, Behaviorismus, Handlungstheorie, Kindler, München, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Moulines, C. U., ‘A logical reconstruction of simple equilibrium thermodynamics’,Erkenntnis 9, (1975) 101–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Patterson, G. R., ‘A three-stage functional analysis of children's coercive behaviors’, in B. Etzel, J. M. LeBlanc and D.M. Baer (eds.),New Developments in Behavioral Research, LEA, Hillsdale, 1977, pp. 59–79.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Patterson, G. R., ‘A performance theory for coercive family interaction’, in R. B. Cairns (ed.),The Analysis of Social Interactions, LEA, Hillsdale, 1979, pp. 119–162.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Skinner, B. F.,Science and Human Behavior, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1953.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Skinner, B. F.,Verbal Behavior, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Skinner, B. F.,Contingencies of Reinforcement, Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1969.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Skinner, B. F.,Beyond Freedom and Dignity, Knopf, New York, 1971.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Skinner, B. F.,About Behaviorism, Knopf, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Skinner, B. F.,Reflections on Behaviorism and Society, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1978.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Sneed, J. D.,The Logical Structure of Mathematical Physics, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, Holland, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Stegmüller, W.,Theorienstrukturen und Theoriendynamik, Springer, Berlin, 1973.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Stegmüller, W.,The Structuralist View of Scientific Theories, Springer, Berlin, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Stegmüller, W.,Neue Wege der Wissenschaftsphilosophie, Springer, Berlin, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Westmeyer, H., ‘Verhaltenstherapie: Anwendung von Verhaltenstheorien oder kontrollierte Praxis’, in H. Westmeyer and N. Hoffmann (eds.),Verhaltenstherapie: Grundlegende Texte, Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg, 1977, pp. 187–203.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Westmeyer, H., ‘Psychologie und Wissenschaftstheorie’,in K. A. Schneewind (ed.),Wissenschaftstheoretische Grundlagen der Psychologie, Reinhard, Müchen, 1977, pp. 71–92.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Westmeyer, H., ‘Wissenschaftstheoretische Grundlagen Klinischer Psychologie’, in U. Baumann, H. Berbalk and G. Seidenstücker (eds.),Klinische Psychologie. Trends in Forschung und Praxis. Band 1, Huber, Bern, 1978, pp. 108–132.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Westmeyer, H., ‘Wissenschaftstheoretische Aspekte der Feldforschung’, forthcoming in J. L. Patry (ed.),Feldforschung, Huber, Bern, 1982.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Westmeyer, H., ‘Von den Schwierigkeiten, ein Behaviorist zu sein’, forthcoming in H. Lenk (ed.),Handlungstheorien—interdisziplinär, Band 3, Fink, München, 1982.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Westmeyer, H., and Manns, M., ‘Beobachtungsverfahren in der Verhaltensdiagnostik’, in H. Westmeyer and N. Hoffmann (eds.),Verhaltenstherapie: Grundlegende Texte, Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg, 1977, pp. 248–262.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Westmeyer
    • 1
  • Friedhelm Eller
  • Katharina Winkelmann
  • Verena Nell
  1. 1.Institut für PsychologieFreie Universität BerlinBerlin 33

Personalised recommendations