Ray tomography based on azimuthal anomalies
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A method of estimating the lateral velocity variations in the 2D case using the data on deviations of wave paths from straight lines (or great circle paths in the spherical case) is proposed. The method is designed for interpretation of azimuthal anomalies of surface waves which contain information on lateral variations of phase velocities supplementary to that obtained from travel-time data in traditional surface wave tomography.
For the determination ofm(x,y) from a set ofδα k corresponding to different wave paths, the solution is represented as a series in basis functions, which are constructed using the criterion of smoothness of the solution proposed byTarantola andNersessian (1984) for time-delay tomography problems. Numerical testing demonstrates the efficiency of the tomography method.
The method is applied to the reconstruction of lateral variations of Rayleigh wave phase velocities in the Carpathian-Balkan region. The variations of phase velocities obtained from data on azimuthal anomalies are found to be correlated with group-velocity variations obtained from travel-time data.
Key wordsSurface waves phase velocities azimuthal anomalies seismic tomography
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