pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 134, Issue 4, pp 575–587 | Cite as

A deep geophysical study in the Baikal region

  • A. M. Popov
Article

Abstract

Experimental data show that in East Siberia resistivity curves, irrespective of their trends, are affected by galvanic (local) distortions. The preliminary step of the magnetotelluric data processing is to obtain a steady shape of resistivity curves reflecting a true deep section. For this purpose statistical averaging and different criteria of impedance rejecting were used. The available MTS curves were normalized byρ α level to the global magnetovariation curves. Two-dimensional modelling was performed from several sublatitudinal profiles crossing the Baikal rift zone. Three-dimensional models based on two-dimensional modelling and on induction vector distribution have been computed via programs of M. N. Yudin. Following other researchers, two conductive layers are distinguished: i) the mid- and low crustal and ii) the mantle one, with the layer surface uplifted from 100–110 km depth in the southern Baikal rift zone to 60–70 km northeastwards along the eastern Baikal coast. The top of this layer seems to correspond to the asthenospheric roof. The asthenosphere deepening in southern BRZ is likely to be related to a decrease in the asthenospheric bulge width and an increase in the rate of lithospheric thickening with mantle degasing. The origin and evolution of the Baikal rift is considered, proceeding from the model of passive rifting with regard to a long-existing lithospheric inhomogeneity between the Siberian platform and the Sayan-Baikal folded area.

Key words

Resistivity ρα curves MTS impedance heat flow Baikal rift inhomogeneity distortions 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Popov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth's CrustUSSR Academy of Science Siberian BranchIrkutskU.S.S.R.

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