The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 293–331 | Cite as

Kinematical properties of early-type galaxies

  • Massimo Capaccioli
  • Giuseppe Longo
Article

Summary

In the last decade, our understanding of early-type galaxies has greatly changed: from rather uninteresting oblate spheroids flattened by rotation to multicomponent stellar systems whose structure, formation mechanisms, and evolution, are far from being understood. This new scenario is mainly the consequence of the huge growth, in quantity and in quality, of kinematical data obtained from high signal to noise spectral data. Rotation curves and velocity dispersion profiles extending out to almost 2 effective radii are now available, together with line asymmetry measurements, for the stellar components of a fairly large sample of galaxies. For a few galaxies, outer halo tracers such as globular clusters and/or planetary nebulae allow to explore the kinematics out at 4 ∼ 6re. In this article we focus on these data giving particular emphasis on the most recent results. Reference is given to other review articles complementing the approach presented here.

Key words

Galaxies: elliptical Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics of Galaxies: structure of 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimo Capaccioli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Longo
    • 1
  1. 1.Osservatorio Astronomico di CapodimonteNapoliItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di AstronomiaUniversità di PadovaPadovaItaly

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