pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 74–89 | Cite as

Choice of a teleseismicP-wave travel-time model and the associated source corrections

  • S. K. Arora
  • C. A. Krishnan
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Summary

Among various trial models ofP-wave travel times, there exists at least one model which best predicts the times of first arrivals from a certain region at a set of recording stations even if no attempt is made to correct the travel-time standards against known station errors and source bias. In teleseismic distance range (25°≦Δ≦100°) and surface-focus case, the possibility of statistically establishing which of the twoP models, viz. Jeffreys-Bullen and Herrin, is more appropriate for each of the four source regions, viz. Southern Nevada, Aleutian Islands, Eastern Kazakh and Novaya Zemlya, is discussed in this paper. Data corresponding to a set of underground explosions from these regions form the basis of such an analysis. The Herrin model is found to be better applied to Aleutian Islands region while the Jeffreys-Bullen model seems more appropriate for each of the remaining three regions.

As a result of the study of the travel-time models, numerical estimates of space and time corrections pertaining to the above mentioned regions, based on the most appropriate model and directly applicable to the computed source parameters, are obtained. On applying these corrections, the size of source location error ellipse and the source-time error reduce to very small representative values, viz. 4 km×6 km (area 75 km2) and ±0.2 sec respectively.

Keywords

Location Error Source Parameter Recording Station Time Correction Distance Range 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Arora
    • 1
  • C. A. Krishnan
    • 1
  1. 1.Seismology Section, Nuclear Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CenterBombay-85India

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