pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 141, Issue 1, pp 1–24 | Cite as

Slant-stack velocity analysis for one-dimensional upper mantle structure using short-period data from MAJO

  • Nurcan Erdoĝan
  • Robert L. Nowack


In this paper, regionalP-wave upper mantle structure is investigated using slant-stack velocity analysis of short-period earthquake data recorded at station MAJO (Matsushiro, Japan). Shallow earthquakes from 1980–1986 within 35° of MAJO are used to construct a common receiver gather. Processing of the wavefield data includes focal depth and static time corrections, as well as deterministic deconvolution, in order to equalize pulse shapes and align wavelets on the first arrivals. The processed wavefield data are slant stacked and interatively downward continued to obtain a regional upper mantle velocity model. The model includes a low velocity zone between 107 and 220 km. Beneath the LVZ, the velocity increases smoothly down to the discontinuity at 401 km. In the transition zone, the velocity model again increases linearly, although there is some suggestion of further complexity in the downward continued wavefield data. At the base of the transition zone, a second velocity discontinuity occurs at 660 km, with a linear velocity gradient below. In addition to slant-stack analysis, travel times and synthetic seismograms are computed and compared with the processed and unprocessed wavefield data.

Key words

Slant-stack velocity analysis upper mantle structure 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nurcan Erdoĝan
    • 1
  • Robert L. Nowack
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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