pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 103–119 | Cite as

Studies on precipitable water over tropical stations in relation to monsoon flow

  • Y. Viswanadham
  • R. Ramanadham
  • Y. Sri Rama Krishna


The mean monthly precipitable water at four tropical stations Madras (13°00′N, 80°11′E), Waltair (17°42′N, 83°18′E), Bombay (18°54′N, 72°49′E) and Nagpur (21°06′N, 79°03′E) are evaluated for the layer surface to 500 mb (0–5.4 km) of the atmosphere using radiosonde data available for seven years period (1959–1965). The mean monthly precipitable water for the above four stations is also estimated from dew point temperature.

The precipitable water in the air column at any station is examined in relation to monsoon flow. The higher values of precipitable water are found to occur over the regions when there is good supply of moisture by the monsoon flow as well as low level convergence. These studies are believed to provide useful information in forecasting the monsoon circulation over the country.


Atmosphere Layer Surface Point Temperature Precipitable Water Monsoon Circulation 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Viswanadham
  • R. Ramanadham
  • Y. Sri Rama Krishna
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Meteorology and OceanographyAndhra UniversityWaltair(S. India)

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